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 Title
 Emission characteristics of a liquid spray sudden expansion combustor using computational fluid dynamics.
 Creator
 Rodriguez, Daniel, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

A sudden expansion combustor (SUE) is analyzed using computation fluid dynamics (CFD). CO emissions and NOx emissions are computed for various operating conditions of the SUE combustor using a can type and an annular type geometrical configurations. The goal of this thesis is to see if the SUE combustor is a viable alternative to conventional combustors which utilize swirlers. It is found that for the can type combustor the NOx emissions were quite low compared to other combustor types but...
Show moreA sudden expansion combustor (SUE) is analyzed using computation fluid dynamics (CFD). CO emissions and NOx emissions are computed for various operating conditions of the SUE combustor using a can type and an annular type geometrical configurations. The goal of this thesis is to see if the SUE combustor is a viable alternative to conventional combustors which utilize swirlers. It is found that for the can type combustor the NOx emissions were quite low compared to other combustor types but the CO emissions were fairly high. The annular combustor shows better CO emissions compared to the can type, but the CO emissions are still high compared to other combustors. Emissions can be improved by providing better mixing in the primary combustion zone. The SUE combustor design needs to be further refined in order for it to be a viable alternative to conventional combustors with swirlers.
Show less  Date Issued
 2013
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/3362574
 Subject Headings
 Fluid dynamics, Data processing, Fluid dynamics, Mathematical models, Computational fluid dynamics, Diffusers, Fluid dynamics
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Rapid distortion theory for rotor inflows.
 Creator
 Kawashima, Emilia, Glegg, Stewart A. L., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

For aerospace and naval applications where low radiated noise levels are a requirement, rotor noise generated by inflow turbulence is of great interest. Inflow turbulence is stretched and distorted as it is ingested into a thrusting rotor which can have a significant impact on the noise source levels. This thesis studies the distortion of subsonic, high Reynolds number turbulent flow, with viscous effects ignored, that occur when a rotor is embedded in a turbulent boundary layer. The analysis...
Show moreFor aerospace and naval applications where low radiated noise levels are a requirement, rotor noise generated by inflow turbulence is of great interest. Inflow turbulence is stretched and distorted as it is ingested into a thrusting rotor which can have a significant impact on the noise source levels. This thesis studies the distortion of subsonic, high Reynolds number turbulent flow, with viscous effects ignored, that occur when a rotor is embedded in a turbulent boundary layer. The analysis is based on Rapid Distortion Theory (RDT), which describes the linear evolution of turbulent eddies as they are stretched by a mean flow distortion. Providing that the gust does not distort the mean flow streamlines the solution for a mean flow with shear is found to be the same as the solution for a mean potential flow with the addition of a potential flow gust. By investigating the inflow distortion of smallscale turbulence for various simple flows and rotor inflows with weak shear, it is shown that RDT can be applied to incompressible shear flows to determine the flow distortion. It is also shown that RDT can be applied to more complex flows modeled by the Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations.
Show less  Date Issued
 2013
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA0004030
 Subject Headings
 Computational fluid dynamics, Fluid dynamic measurements, Fluid mechanics  Mathematical models, Turbulence  Computer simulation, Turbulence  Mathematical models
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Predicting the flow & noise of a rotor in a turbulent boundary layer using an actuator disk – Rans approach.
 Creator
 Buono, Armand C., Glegg, Stewart A. L., Florida Atlantic University, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

The numerical method presented in this study attempts to predict the mean, nonuniform flow field upstream of a propeller partially immersed in a thick turbulent boundary layer with an actuator disk using CFD based on RANS in ANSYS FLUENT. Three different configurations, involving an infinitely thin actuator disk in the freestream (Configuration 1), an actuator disk near a wall with a turbulent boundary layer (Configuration 2), and an actuator disk with a hub near a wall with a turbulent...
Show moreThe numerical method presented in this study attempts to predict the mean, nonuniform flow field upstream of a propeller partially immersed in a thick turbulent boundary layer with an actuator disk using CFD based on RANS in ANSYS FLUENT. Three different configurations, involving an infinitely thin actuator disk in the freestream (Configuration 1), an actuator disk near a wall with a turbulent boundary layer (Configuration 2), and an actuator disk with a hub near a wall with a turbulent boundary layer (Configuration 3), were analyzed for a variety of advance ratios ranging from J = 0.48 to J =1.44. CFD results are shown to be in agreement with previous works and validated with experimental data of reverse flow occurring within the boundary layer above the flat plate upstream of a rotor in the Virginia Tech’s Stability Wind Tunnel facility. Results from Configuration 3 will be used in future aeroacoustic computations.
Show less  Date Issued
 2014
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004269, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004269
 Subject Headings
 Aeroelasticity, Computational fluid dynamics, Fluid dynamic measurements, Fluid mechanics  Mathematical models, Turbomachines  Fluid dynamics, Turbulence  Mathematical models
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Numerical models to simulate underwater turbine noise levels.
 Creator
 Lippert, Renee'., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This work incorporates previous work done by Guerra and the application of fluid dynamics. The structure attached to the turbine will cause unsteady fluctuations in the flow, and ultimately affect the acoustic pressure. The work of Guerra is based on a lot of assumptions and simplifications to the geometry of the turbine and structure. This work takes the geometry of the actual turbine, and uses computational fluid dynamic software to numerically model the flow around the turbine structure....
Show moreThis work incorporates previous work done by Guerra and the application of fluid dynamics. The structure attached to the turbine will cause unsteady fluctuations in the flow, and ultimately affect the acoustic pressure. The work of Guerra is based on a lot of assumptions and simplifications to the geometry of the turbine and structure. This work takes the geometry of the actual turbine, and uses computational fluid dynamic software to numerically model the flow around the turbine structure. Varying the angle of the attack altered the results, and as the angle increased the noise levels along with the sound pulse, and unsteady loading increased. Increasing the number of blades and reducing the chord length both reduced the unsteady loading.
Show less  Date Issued
 2012
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3355622
 Subject Headings
 Underwater acoustics, Mathematical models, Turbines, Vibration, Mathematical models, Fluid dynamics
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 FarField Noise From a Rotor in a Wind Tunnel.
 Creator
 Grant, Justin Alexander, Glegg, Stewart A. L., Florida Atlantic University, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This project is intended to demonstrate the current state of knowledge in the prediction of the tonal and broadband noise radiation from a Sevik rotor. The rotor measurements were made at the Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel. Details of the rotor noise and flow measurements were presented by Wisda et al(2014) and Murray et al(2015) respectively. This study presents predictions based on an approach detailed by Glegg et al(2015) for the broadband noise generated by a rotor in an...
Show moreThis project is intended to demonstrate the current state of knowledge in the prediction of the tonal and broadband noise radiation from a Sevik rotor. The rotor measurements were made at the Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel. Details of the rotor noise and flow measurements were presented by Wisda et al(2014) and Murray et al(2015) respectively. This study presents predictions based on an approach detailed by Glegg et al(2015) for the broadband noise generated by a rotor in an inhomogeneous flow, and compares them to measured noise radiated from the rotor at prescribed observer locations. Discrepancies between the measurements and predictions led to comprehensive study of the flow in the wind tunnel and the discovery of a vortex upstream of the rotor at low advance ratios. The study presents results of RANS simulations. The static pressure and velocity profile in the domain near the rotor's tip gap region were compared to measurements obtained from a pressure port array and a PIV visualization of the rotor in the wind tunnel.
Show less  Date Issued
 2015
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004501, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004501
 Subject Headings
 Aerodynamic noise, Computational fluid dynamics, Fluid dynamic measurement, Fluid mechanics  Mathematical models, Fluid structure interactioin, Turbomachines  Fluid dynamics, Turbulence  Mathematical models, Unsteady flow (Fluid dynamics)
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Data gateway for prognostic health monitoring of oceanbased power generation.
 Creator
 Gundel, Joseph., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
 Abstract/Description

On August 5, 2010 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated the Center for Ocean Energy Technology (COET) at Florida Atlantic University (FAU) as a national center for ocean energy research and development. Their focus is the research and development of openocean current systems and associated infrastructure needed to development and testing prototypes. The generation of power is achieved by using a specialized electric generator with a rotor called a turbine. As with all machines,...
Show moreOn August 5, 2010 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated the Center for Ocean Energy Technology (COET) at Florida Atlantic University (FAU) as a national center for ocean energy research and development. Their focus is the research and development of openocean current systems and associated infrastructure needed to development and testing prototypes. The generation of power is achieved by using a specialized electric generator with a rotor called a turbine. As with all machines, the turbines will need maintenance and replacement as they near the end of their lifecycle. This prognostic health monitoring (PHM) requires data to be collected, stored, and analyzed in order to maximize the lifespan, reduce downtime and predict when failure is eminent. This thesis explores the use of a data gateway which will separate high level software with low level hardware including sensors and actuators. The gateway will v standardize and store the data collected from various sensors with different speeds, formats, and interfaces allowing an easy and uniform transition to a database system for analysis.
Show less  Date Issued
 2012
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3342111
 Subject Headings
 Machinery, Monitoring, Marine turbines, Mathematical models, Fluid dynamics, Structural dynamics
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Detection, localization, and identification of bearings with raceway defect for a dynamometer using high frequency modal analysis of vibration across an array of accelerometers.
 Creator
 Waters, Nicholas., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This thesis describes a method to detect, localize and identify a faulty bearing in a rotating machine using narrow band envelope analysis across an array of accelerometers. This technique is developed as part of the machine monitoring system of an ocean turbine. A rudimentary mathematical model is introduced to provide an understanding of the physics governing the vibrations caused by a bearing with a raceway defect. This method is then used to detect a faulty bearing in two setups : on a...
Show moreThis thesis describes a method to detect, localize and identify a faulty bearing in a rotating machine using narrow band envelope analysis across an array of accelerometers. This technique is developed as part of the machine monitoring system of an ocean turbine. A rudimentary mathematical model is introduced to provide an understanding of the physics governing the vibrations caused by a bearing with a raceway defect. This method is then used to detect a faulty bearing in two setups : on a lathe and in a dynamometer.
Show less  Date Issued
 2012
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3359156
 Subject Headings
 Marine turbines, Mathematical models, Vibration, Measurement, Fluid dynamics, Dynamic testing
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Software framework for prognostic health monitoring of oceanbased power generation.
 Creator
 Bowren, Mark., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
 Abstract/Description

On August 5, 2010 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated the Center for Ocean Energy Technology (COET) at Florida Atlantic University (FAU) as a national center for ocean energy research and development of prototypes for openocean power generation. Maintenance on oceanbased machinery can be very costly. To avoid unnecessary maintenance it is necessary to monitor the condition of each machine in order to predict problems. This kind of prognostic health monitoring (PHM) requires a...
Show moreOn August 5, 2010 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has designated the Center for Ocean Energy Technology (COET) at Florida Atlantic University (FAU) as a national center for ocean energy research and development of prototypes for openocean power generation. Maintenance on oceanbased machinery can be very costly. To avoid unnecessary maintenance it is necessary to monitor the condition of each machine in order to predict problems. This kind of prognostic health monitoring (PHM) requires a conditionbased maintenance (CBM) system that supports diagnostic and prognostic analysis of large amounts of data. Research in this field led to the creation of ISO13374 and the development of a standard openarchitecture for machine condition monitoring. This thesis explores an implementation of such a system for oceanbased machinery using this framework and current openstandard technologies.
Show less  Date Issued
 2012
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3342035
 Subject Headings
 Machinery, Monitoring, Marine turbines, Mathematical models, Fluid dynamics, Structural dynamics
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 The acoustic far field of a turbulent boundary layer flow calculated from RANS simulations of the flow.
 Creator
 Blanc, JeanBaptiste., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

Boundary layers are regions where turbulence develops easily. In the case where the flow occurs on a surface showing a certain degree of roughness, turbulence eddies will interact with the roughness elements and will produce an acoustic field. This thesis aims at predicting this type of noise with the help of the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation of a wall jet using the Reynolds Average NavierStokes (RANS) equations. A frequency spectrum is reconstructed using a representation of...
Show moreBoundary layers are regions where turbulence develops easily. In the case where the flow occurs on a surface showing a certain degree of roughness, turbulence eddies will interact with the roughness elements and will produce an acoustic field. This thesis aims at predicting this type of noise with the help of the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation of a wall jet using the Reynolds Average NavierStokes (RANS) equations. A frequency spectrum is reconstructed using a representation of the turbulence with uncorrelated sheets of vorticity. Both aerodynamic and acoustic results are compared to experimental measurements of the flow. The CFD simulation of the flow returns consistent results but would benefit from a refinement of the grid. The surface pressure spectrum presents a slope in the high frequencies close to the experimental spectrum. The far field noise spectrum has a 5dB difference to the experiments.
Show less  Date Issued
 2009
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/368611
 Subject Headings
 Computational fluid dynamics, Turbulence, Mathematical models, Fluid mechanics, Mathematical models, Acoustical engineering
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Design and finite element analysis of an ocean current turbine blade.
 Creator
 Asseff, Nicholas S., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

A composite 3 meter ocean current turbine blade has been designed and analyzed using Blade Element Theory (BET) and commercial Finite Element Modeling (FEM) code, ANSYS. It has been observed that using the numerical BET tool created, power production up to 141 kW is possible from a 3 bladed rotor in an ocean current of 2.5 m/s with the proposed blade design. The blade is of sandwich construction with carbon fiber skin and high density foam core. It also contains two webs made of S2glass for...
Show moreA composite 3 meter ocean current turbine blade has been designed and analyzed using Blade Element Theory (BET) and commercial Finite Element Modeling (FEM) code, ANSYS. It has been observed that using the numerical BET tool created, power production up to 141 kW is possible from a 3 bladed rotor in an ocean current of 2.5 m/s with the proposed blade design. The blade is of sandwich construction with carbon fiber skin and high density foam core. It also contains two webs made of S2glass for added shear rigidity. Four design cases were analyzed, involving differences in hydrodynamic shape, material properties, and internal structure. Results from the linear static structural analysis revealed that the best design provides adequate stiffness and strength to produce the proposed power without any structural failure. An Eigenvalue Buckling analysis confirmed that the blade would not fail from buckling prior to overstressed laminate failure if the loading was to exceed the Safety Factor.
Show less  Date Issued
 2009
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/221944
 Subject Headings
 Marine turbines, Mathematical models, Fluid dynamics, Structural dynamics, Composite materials, Mathematical models
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Methodology for fault detection and diagnostics in an ocean turbine using vibration analysis and modeling.
 Creator
 Mjit, Mustapha., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This thesis describes a methodology for mechanical fault detection and diagnostics in an ocean turbine using vibration analysis and modeling. This methodology relies on the use of advanced methods for machine vibration analysis and health monitoring. Because of some issues encountered with traditional methods such as Fourier analysis for non stationary rotating machines, the use of more advanced methods such as TimeFrequency Analysis is required. The thesis also includes the development of...
Show moreThis thesis describes a methodology for mechanical fault detection and diagnostics in an ocean turbine using vibration analysis and modeling. This methodology relies on the use of advanced methods for machine vibration analysis and health monitoring. Because of some issues encountered with traditional methods such as Fourier analysis for non stationary rotating machines, the use of more advanced methods such as TimeFrequency Analysis is required. The thesis also includes the development of two LabVIEW models. The first model combines the advanced methods for online condition monitoring. The second model performs the modal analysis to find the resonance frequencies of the subsystems of the turbine. The dynamic modeling of the turbine using Finite Element Analysis is used to estimate the baseline of vibration signals in sensors locations under normal operating conditions of the turbine. All this information is necessary to perform the vibration condition monitoring of the turbine.
Show less  Date Issued
 2009
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/369198
 Subject Headings
 Marine turbines, Mathematical models, Fluid dynamics, Structural dynamics, Composite materials, Mathematical models, Elastic analysis (Engineering)
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Aerodynamic analysis of a propeller in a turbulent boundary layer flow.
 Creator
 Lachowski, Felipe Ferreira., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

Simulating the exact chaotic turbulent flow field about any geometry is a dilemma between accuracy and computational resources, which has been continuously studied for just over a hundred years. This thesis is a complete walkthrough of the entire process utilized to approximate the flow ingested by a Seviktype rotor based on solutions to the Reynolds Averaged NavierStokes equations (RANS). The Multiple Reference Frame fluid model is utilized by the code of ANSYSFLUENT and results are...
Show moreSimulating the exact chaotic turbulent flow field about any geometry is a dilemma between accuracy and computational resources, which has been continuously studied for just over a hundred years. This thesis is a complete walkthrough of the entire process utilized to approximate the flow ingested by a Seviktype rotor based on solutions to the Reynolds Averaged NavierStokes equations (RANS). The Multiple Reference Frame fluid model is utilized by the code of ANSYSFLUENT and results are validated by experimental wake data. Three open rotor configurations are studied including a uniform inflow and the rotor near a plate with and without a thick boundary layer. Furthermore, observations are made to determine the variation in velocity profiles of the ingested turbulent flow due to varying flow conditions.
Show less  Date Issued
 2013
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/3360798
 Subject Headings
 Acoustical engineering, Boundary layer control, Multiphase flow, Mathematical models, Fluid mechanics, Mathematical models, Turbulence, Mathematical models, Computatioinal fluid dynamics
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 GALLOPING OF AN ELASTICALLY SUPPORTED BLUFF BODY IN TURBULENT FLOW.
 Creator
 Li, Qiang, Florida Atlantic University, Lin, Y. K., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

The phenomenon of flowinduced vibration is found in many engineering systems. The fluid flow generates forces on the structure that cause motion of the structure. In turn, the structural motion changes the angle of attack between the flow and the structure, hence the forces on the structure. Furthermore, turbulence generally exists in a natural fluid flow; namely, the fluid velocity contains a random part. Thus, the problem is formulated as a nonlinear system under random excitations. This...
Show moreThe phenomenon of flowinduced vibration is found in many engineering systems. The fluid flow generates forces on the structure that cause motion of the structure. In turn, the structural motion changes the angle of attack between the flow and the structure, hence the forces on the structure. Furthermore, turbulence generally exists in a natural fluid flow; namely, the fluid velocity contains a random part. Thus, the problem is formulated as a nonlinear system under random excitations. This thesis is focused on one type of motion known as galloping. A mathematical model for the motion of an elastically supported square cylinder in turbulent flow is developed. The physical nonlinear equation is converted to ideal stochastic differential equations of the Ito type using the stochastic averaging method. The probability density for the motion amplitude and the values for the most probable amplitudes are obtained for various mean flow velocities and turbulence levels.
Show less  Date Issued
 1987
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/14361
 Subject Headings
 Random vibrationMathematical models, Turbulence, Fluid dynamics
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Stability of an elliptical vortex in a timedependent strain field.
 Creator
 Marshall, Marilyn P., Florida Atlantic University, Dhanak, Manhar R., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

A theoretical study of the stability of twodimensional elliptical vortices in a timedependent, periodically varying external straining flow was conducted. The mean value of the oscillating straining flow was chosen so that the vortex would be stationary in the absence of fluctuations of the external field about the mean. If the frequency of straining is near to the natural frequency of the vortex for smallamplitude oscillations of the vortex core, so that the vortex is forced near its...
Show moreA theoretical study of the stability of twodimensional elliptical vortices in a timedependent, periodically varying external straining flow was conducted. The mean value of the oscillating straining flow was chosen so that the vortex would be stationary in the absence of fluctuations of the external field about the mean. If the frequency of straining is near to the natural frequency of the vortex for smallamplitude oscillations of the vortex core, so that the vortex is forced near its natural frequency, a resonance occurs such that the aspect ratio of the elliptical core boundary initially oscillates with an amplitude that increases linearly with time. After an initial period of growth, the aspect ratio will either follow a bounded limit cycle at large time or it will elongate exponentially with time. The nonlinear evolution of the vortex at large time is studied numerically, and distinct regions of behavior in the parameter space for the vortex are obtained.
Show less  Date Issued
 1992
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/14817
 Subject Headings
 VortexMotion, Fluid dynamicsMathematical models
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Noise Radiation From A Cylindrical Embossment Immersed In Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow.
 Creator
 Bryan, Benjamin Skyler, Glegg, Stewart A. L., Florida Atlantic University, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This dissertation will consider the sound radiation from forwardfacing steps and a three dimensional cylindrical embossment of very low aspect ratio mounted on a plate. Glegg et al (2014) outlined a theory for predicting the sound radiation from separated flows and applied the method to predicting the sound from forwardfacing steps. In order to validate this theory it has been applied to the results of Catlett et al (2014) and Ji and Wang (2010). This validation study revealed that the...
Show moreThis dissertation will consider the sound radiation from forwardfacing steps and a three dimensional cylindrical embossment of very low aspect ratio mounted on a plate. Glegg et al (2014) outlined a theory for predicting the sound radiation from separated flows and applied the method to predicting the sound from forwardfacing steps. In order to validate this theory it has been applied to the results of Catlett et al (2014) and Ji and Wang (2010). This validation study revealed that the original theory could be adjusted to include a mixed scaling which gives a better prediction. RANS simulations have been performed and used to support the similarities between the forwardfacing step and the cylindrical embossment. The simulations revealed that the cylindrical embossment exhibits a separation zone similar to that of the forwardfacing step. This separation zone has been shown to be the dominant source of noise on the forwardfacing step in previous works and therefore was expected to be the major source of sound from the cylindrical embossment. The sensitivity of this separation zone to the different parameters of the flow has been investigated by performing several simulations with different conditions and geometries. The separation zone was seen to be independent of Reynolds number based on boundary layer thickness but was directly dependent on the height of the cylinder. The theory outlined in Glegg et al (2014) was then reformulated for use with a cylindrical embossment and the predictions have been compared with wind tunnel measurements. The final predictions show good agreement with the wind tunnel measurements and the farfield sound shows a clearly defined directionality that is similar to an axial dipole at low frequencies.
Show less  Date Issued
 2015
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004484, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004484
 Subject Headings
 Acoustic models, Aerodynamic noise, Computational fluid dynamcs, Fluid structure interaction, Structural dynamics, Turbulence  Mathematical models
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Noise radiation from small steps and cubic roughness elements in turbulent boundary layer flow.
 Creator
 Bryan, Benjamin Skyler, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

Ji and Wang (2010) propose that the dominant source of sound from a forward facing step is the stream wise dipole on the face of the step and that sources acting normal to the flow are negligible. Sound radiation normal to flow of forward facing steps has been measured in wind tunnel experiments previously by Farabee and Casarella (1986, 1991) and Catlett (2010). A method for evaluating sound radiation from surface roughness proposed in Glegg and Devenport (2009) has been adapted and applied...
Show moreJi and Wang (2010) propose that the dominant source of sound from a forward facing step is the stream wise dipole on the face of the step and that sources acting normal to the flow are negligible. Sound radiation normal to flow of forward facing steps has been measured in wind tunnel experiments previously by Farabee and Casarella (1986, 1991) and Catlett (2010). A method for evaluating sound radiation from surface roughness proposed in Glegg and Devenport (2009) has been adapted and applied to flow over a forward facing step which addresses the sound normal to the flow that was previously unaccounted for. Farfield radiation predictions based on this method have been compared with wind tunnel measurements and show good agreement. A second method which evaluates the forcing from a vortex convected past surface roughness using RANS calculations and potential flow information is also evaluated.
Show less  Date Issued
 2012
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3358330
 Subject Headings
 Turbulence, Mathematical models, Aerodynamic noise, Fluidstructure interaction, Structural dynamics, Acoustic models, Computational fluid dynamcs
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Numerical Simulation of an Ocean Current Turbine Operating in a Wake Field.
 Creator
 Pyakurel, Parakram, VanZwieten, James H., Dhanak, Manhar R., Florida Atlantic University, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

An Ocean Current Turbine (OCT) numerical simulation for creating, testing and tuning flight and power takeoff controllers, as well as for farm layout optimization is presented. This simulation utilizes a novel approach for analytically describing oceanic turbulence. This approach has been integrated into a previously developed turbine simulation that uses unsteady Blade Element Momentum theory. Using this, the dynamical response and power production of a single OCT operating in ambient...
Show moreAn Ocean Current Turbine (OCT) numerical simulation for creating, testing and tuning flight and power takeoff controllers, as well as for farm layout optimization is presented. This simulation utilizes a novel approach for analytically describing oceanic turbulence. This approach has been integrated into a previously developed turbine simulation that uses unsteady Blade Element Momentum theory. Using this, the dynamical response and power production of a single OCT operating in ambient turbulence is quantified. An approach for integrating wake effects into this single device numerical simulation is presented for predicting OCT performance within a farm. To accomplish this, far wake characteristics behind a turbine are numerically described using analytic expressions derived from wind turbine wake models. These expressions are tuned to match OCT wake characteristics calculated from CFD analyses and experimental data. Turbine wake is characterized in terms of increased turbulence intensities and decreased mean wake velocities. These parameters are calculated based on the performance of the upstream OCT and integrated into the environmental models used by downstream OCT. Simulation results are presented that quantify the effects of wakes on downstream turbine performance over a wide range of relative downstream and cross stream locations for both moored and bottom mounted turbine systems. This is done to enable the development and testing of flight and power takeoff controllers designed for maximizing energy production and reduce turbine loadings.
Show less  Date Issued
 2016
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004737, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004737
 Subject Headings
 TurbulenceMathematical models., Marine turbinesMathematical models., Wind turbinesAerodynamicsMathematical models., Structural dynamics., Computational fluid dynamics., Fluid dynamic measurements., Atmospheric circulation.
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Evaluation of motion compensated ADV measurements for quantifying velocity fluctuations.
 Creator
 Lovenbury, James William., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This study assesses the viability of using a towfish mounted ADV for quantifying water velocity fluctuations in the Florida Current relevant to ocean current turbine performance. For this study a motion compensated ADV is operated in a test flume. Water velocity fluctuations are generated by a 1.3 cm pipe suspended in front of the ADV at relative current speeds of 0.9 m/s and 0.15 m/s, giving Reynolds numbers on the order of 1000. ADV pitching motion of +/ 2.5 [degree] at 0.3 Hz and a heave...
Show moreThis study assesses the viability of using a towfish mounted ADV for quantifying water velocity fluctuations in the Florida Current relevant to ocean current turbine performance. For this study a motion compensated ADV is operated in a test flume. Water velocity fluctuations are generated by a 1.3 cm pipe suspended in front of the ADV at relative current speeds of 0.9 m/s and 0.15 m/s, giving Reynolds numbers on the order of 1000. ADV pitching motion of +/ 2.5 [degree] at 0.3 Hz and a heave motion of 0.3 m amplitude at 0.2 Hz are utilized to evaluate the motion compensation approach. The results show correction for motion provides up to an order of magnitude reduction in turbulent kinetic energy at frequencies of motion while the IMU is found to generate 2% error at 1/30 Hz and 9% error at 1/60 Hz in turbulence intensity.
Show less  Date Issued
 2013
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/3362482
 Subject Headings
 Motion control systems, Fluid dynamic measurements, Fluid mechanics, Mathematical models, Analysis of covariance
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Numerical Assessment of EddyViscosity Turbulence Models of an AxialFlow Turbine at a Low Reynolds Number.
 Creator
 Estrada, Nick Dagoberto, Moslemian, Davood, Florida Atlantic University, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

The flow field behavior of axial flow turbines is of great importance, especially in modern designs that may operate at a low Reynolds number. At these low Reynolds numbers, the efficiency loss is significantly augmented compared to higher Reynolds number flows. A detailed incompressible numerical study of a single stage axialflow turbine at a low Reynolds number is investigated with the use of multiple eddyviscosity turbulence models. The study includes epistemic uncertainty quantification...
Show moreThe flow field behavior of axial flow turbines is of great importance, especially in modern designs that may operate at a low Reynolds number. At these low Reynolds numbers, the efficiency loss is significantly augmented compared to higher Reynolds number flows. A detailed incompressible numerical study of a single stage axialflow turbine at a low Reynolds number is investigated with the use of multiple eddyviscosity turbulence models. The study includes epistemic uncertainty quantification as a form of numerical error estimation. The numerical results show good qualitative and quantitative agreement with experimental data. It was found that the shear stress transport (SST) k  ω turbulence model with rotation/curvature correction and inclusion of transition modeling is most capable at predicting the mean velocity distribution, which is further enhanced when the URANS formulation is employed. However, all the cases indicate a large variation in the prediction of the rootmeansquared of the turbulent velocity fluctuations.
Show less  Date Issued
 2016
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004587, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004587
 Subject Headings
 TurbomachinesFluid dynamics., TurbulenceMathematical models., Structural dynamics., Viscous flowMathematical models., Reynolds number., Axial flow.
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Design and analysis of an ocean current turbine performance assessment system.
 Creator
 Young, Matthew T., College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
 Abstract/Description

This thesis proposes a sensor approach for quantifying the hydrodynamic performance of Ocean Current Turbines (OCT), and investigates the influence of sensorspecific noise and sampling rates on calculated turbine performance. Numerical models of the selected sensors are developed, and then utilized to add stochastic measurement error to numericallygenerated, nonstochastic OCT data. Numericallygenerated current velocity and turbine performance measurements are used to quantify the relative...
Show moreThis thesis proposes a sensor approach for quantifying the hydrodynamic performance of Ocean Current Turbines (OCT), and investigates the influence of sensorspecific noise and sampling rates on calculated turbine performance. Numerical models of the selected sensors are developed, and then utilized to add stochastic measurement error to numericallygenerated, nonstochastic OCT data. Numericallygenerated current velocity and turbine performance measurements are used to quantify the relative influence of sensorspecific error and sampling limitations on sensor measurements and calculated OCT performance results. The study shows that the addition of sensor error alters the variance and mean of OCT performance metric data by roughly 7.1% and 0.24%, respectively, for four evaluated operating conditions. It is shown that sensor error results in a mean, maximum and minimum performance metric to Signal to Noise Ration (SNR) of 48.6% and 6.2%, respectively.
Show less  Date Issued
 2012
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3359164
 Subject Headings
 Marine turbines, Mathematical models, Fluid dynamics, Structural dynamics, Stochastic processes, Rotors, Design and construction, Testing
 Format
 Document (PDF)