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 Title
 The Covering Numbers of Some Finite Simple Groups.
 Creator
 Epstein, Michael, Magliveras, Spyros S., Florida Atlantic University, Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

A finite cover C of a group G is a finite collection of proper subgroups of G such that G is equal to the union of all of the members of C. Such a cover is called minimal if it has the smallest cardinality among all finite covers of G. The covering number of G, denoted by σ(G), is the number of subgroups in a minimal cover of G. Here we determine the covering numbers of the projective special unitary groups U3(q) for q ≤ 5, and give upper and lower bounds for the covering number of U3(q) when...
Show moreA finite cover C of a group G is a finite collection of proper subgroups of G such that G is equal to the union of all of the members of C. Such a cover is called minimal if it has the smallest cardinality among all finite covers of G. The covering number of G, denoted by σ(G), is the number of subgroups in a minimal cover of G. Here we determine the covering numbers of the projective special unitary groups U3(q) for q ≤ 5, and give upper and lower bounds for the covering number of U3(q) when q > 5. We also determine the covering number of the McLaughlin sporadic simple group, and verify previously known results on the covering numbers of the HigmanSims and Held groups.
Show less  Date Issued
 2019
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013203
 Subject Headings
 Finite simple groups, Covering numbers
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Finite valuated groups.
 Creator
 Holroyd, Keiko Ito, Florida Atlantic University, Richman, Fred
 Abstract/Description

The concept of valuated groups, simply presented groups, and simultaneous decomposition of an abelian group and a subgroup are discussed. We classify the structure of finite valuated pgroups of order up p^4. With a refinement of a classical theorem on bounded pure subgroups, we also relate the decomposition of a finite valuated pgroup to the simultaneous decomposition of a finite abelian pgroup and a subgroup.
 Date Issued
 1996
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/15320
 Subject Headings
 Finite groups, Abelian groups, Abelian pgroups, Algebra, Homological
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Computing automorphism groups of projective planes.
 Creator
 Adamski, Jesse Victor, Magliveras, Spyros S., Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

The main objective of this thesis was to find the full automorphism groups of finite Desarguesian planes. A set of homologies were used to generate the automorphism group when the order of the plane was prime. When the order was a prime power Pa,a ≠ 1 the Frobenius automorphism was added to the set of homologies, and then the full automorphism group was generated. The Frobenius automorphism was found by using the planar ternary ring derived from a coordinatization of the plane.
 Date Issued
 2013
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA0004000
 Subject Headings
 Combinatorial group theory, Finite geometrics, Geometry, Projective
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 The existence of minimal logarithmic signatures for classical groups.
 Creator
 Singhi, Nikhil., Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

A logarithmic signature (LS) for a nite group G is an ordered tuple = [A1;A2; : : : ;An] of subsets Ai of G, such that every element g 2 G can be expressed uniquely as a product g = a1a2 : : : ; an, where ai 2 Ai. Logarithmic signatures were dened by Magliveras in the late 1970's for arbitrary nite groups in the context of cryptography. They were also studied for abelian groups by Hajos in the 1930's. The length of an LS is defined to be `() = Pn i=1 jAij. It can be easily seen that for a...
Show moreA logarithmic signature (LS) for a nite group G is an ordered tuple = [A1;A2; : : : ;An] of subsets Ai of G, such that every element g 2 G can be expressed uniquely as a product g = a1a2 : : : ; an, where ai 2 Ai. Logarithmic signatures were dened by Magliveras in the late 1970's for arbitrary nite groups in the context of cryptography. They were also studied for abelian groups by Hajos in the 1930's. The length of an LS is defined to be `() = Pn i=1 jAij. It can be easily seen that for a group G of order Qk j=1 pj mj , the length of any LS for G satises `() Pk j=1mjpj . An LS for which this lower bound is achieved is called a minimal logarithmic signature (MLS). The MLS conjecture states that every finite simple group has an MLS. If the conjecture is true then every finite group will have an MLS. The conjecture was shown to be true by a number of researchers for a few classes of finite simple groups. However, the problem is still wide open. This dissertation addresses the MLS conjecture for the classical simple groups. In particular, it is shown that MLS's exist for the symplectic groups Sp2n(q), the orthogonal groups O 2n(q0) and the corresponding simple groups PSp2n(q) and 2n(q0) for all n 2 N, prime power q and even prime power q0. The existence of an MLS is also shown for all unitary groups GUn(q) for all odd n and q = 2s under the assumption that an MLS exists for GUn 1(q). The methods used are very general and algorithmic in nature and may be useful for studying all nite simple groups of Lie type and possibly also the sporadic groups. The blocks of logarithmic signatures constructed in this dissertation have cyclic structure and provide a sort of cyclic decomposition for these classical groups.
Show less  Date Issued
 2011
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3172943
 Subject Headings
 Finite groups, Abelian groups, Number theory, Combinatorial group theory, Mathematical recreations, Linear algebraic groups, Lie groups
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 On the minimal logarithmic signature conjecture.
 Creator
 Singhi, Nidhi., Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

The minimal logarithmic signature conjecture states that in any finite simple group there are subsets Ai, 1 i s such that the size jAij of each Ai is a prime or 4 and each element of the group has a unique expression as a product Qs i=1 ai of elements ai 2 Ai. Logarithmic signatures have been used in the construction of several cryptographic primitives since the late 1970's [3, 15, 17, 19, 16]. The conjecture is shown to be true for various families of simple groups including cyclic groups,...
Show moreThe minimal logarithmic signature conjecture states that in any finite simple group there are subsets Ai, 1 i s such that the size jAij of each Ai is a prime or 4 and each element of the group has a unique expression as a product Qs i=1 ai of elements ai 2 Ai. Logarithmic signatures have been used in the construction of several cryptographic primitives since the late 1970's [3, 15, 17, 19, 16]. The conjecture is shown to be true for various families of simple groups including cyclic groups, An, PSLn(q) when gcd(n; q 1) is 1, 4 or a prime and several sporadic groups [10, 9, 12, 14, 18]. This dissertation is devoted to proving that the conjecture is true for a large class of simple groups of Lie type called classical groups. The methods developed use the structure of these groups as isometry groups of bilinear or quadratic forms. A large part of the construction is also based on the Bruhat and Levi decompositions of parabolic subgroups of these groups. In this dissertation the conjecture is shown to be true for the following families of simple groups: the projective special linear groups PSLn(q), the projective symplectic groups PSp2n(q) for all n and q a prime power, and the projective orthogonal groups of positive type + 2n(q) for all n and q an even prime power. During the process, the existence of minimal logarithmic signatures (MLS's) is also proven for the linear groups: GLn(q), PGLn(q), SLn(q), the symplectic groups: Sp2n(q) for all n and q a prime power, and for the orthogonal groups of plus type O+ 2n(q) for all n and q an even prime power. The constructions in most of these cases provide cyclic MLS's. Using the relationship between nite groups of Lie type and groups with a split BNpair, it is also shown that every nite group of Lie type can be expressed as a disjoint union of sets, each of which has an MLS.
Show less  Date Issued
 2011
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3172946
 Subject Headings
 Finite groups, Abelian groups, Number theory, Combinatorial group theory, Mathematical recreations, Linear algebraic groups, Lie groups
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Higher order commutators in the method of orbits.
 Creator
 Kasprikova, Eva., Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

Benson spaces of higher order are introduced extending the idea of N. Krugljak and M. Milman, A distance between orbits that controls commutator estimates and invertibilty of operators, Advances in Mathematics 182 (2004), 78123. The concept of Benson shift operators is introduced and a class of spaces equipped with these operators is considered. Commutator theorems of higher order on orbit spaces generated by a single element are proved for this class. It is shown that these results apply to...
Show moreBenson spaces of higher order are introduced extending the idea of N. Krugljak and M. Milman, A distance between orbits that controls commutator estimates and invertibilty of operators, Advances in Mathematics 182 (2004), 78123. The concept of Benson shift operators is introduced and a class of spaces equipped with these operators is considered. Commutator theorems of higher order on orbit spaces generated by a single element are proved for this class. It is shown that these results apply to the complex method of interpolation and to the real method of interpolation for the case q=1. Two new characterizations are presented of the domain space of the "derivation" operator in the context of orbital methods. Comparisons to the work of others are made, especially the unifying paper of M. Cwikel, N. Kalton, M. Milman and R. Rochberg, A United Theory of Commutator Estimates for a Class of Interpolation Methods, Advances in Mathematics 169 2002, 241312.
Show less  Date Issued
 2009
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/2684304
 Subject Headings
 Operator theory, Interpolation spaces, Finite groups, Sporadic groups (Mathematics)
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Low rank transitive representations, primitive extensions, and the collision problem in PSL (2, q).
 Creator
 Thapa Magar, Krishna B., Magliveras, Spyros S., Florida Atlantic University, Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

Every transitive permutation representation of a finite group is the representation of the group in its action on the cosets of a particular subgroup of the group. The group has a certain rank for each of these representations. We first find almost all rank3 and rank4 transitive representations of the projective special linear group P SL(2, q) where q = pm and p is an odd prime. We also determine the rank of P SL (2, p) in terms of p on the cosets of particular given subgroups. We then...
Show moreEvery transitive permutation representation of a finite group is the representation of the group in its action on the cosets of a particular subgroup of the group. The group has a certain rank for each of these representations. We first find almost all rank3 and rank4 transitive representations of the projective special linear group P SL(2, q) where q = pm and p is an odd prime. We also determine the rank of P SL (2, p) in terms of p on the cosets of particular given subgroups. We then investigate the construction of rank3 transitive and primitive extensions of a simple group, such that the extension group formed is also simple. In the latter context we present a new, group theoretic construction of the famous HoffmanSingleton graph as a rank3 graph.
Show less  Date Issued
 2015
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004471, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004471
 Subject Headings
 Combinatorial designs and configurations, Cryptography, Data encryption (Computer science), Finite geometries, Finite groups, Group theory, Permutation groups
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 Fuzzy identification of processes on finite training sets with known features.
 Creator
 DiazRobainas, Regino R., Florida Atlantic University, Huang, Ming Z., Zilouchian, Ali, College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
 Abstract/Description

A methodology is presented to construct an approximate fuzzymapping algorithm that maps multiple inputs to single outputs given a finite training set of argument vectors functionally linked to corresponding scalar outputs. Its scope is limited to problems where the features are known in advance, or equivalently, where the expected functional representation is known to depend exclusively on the known selected variables. Programming and simulations to implement the methodology make use of...
Show moreA methodology is presented to construct an approximate fuzzymapping algorithm that maps multiple inputs to single outputs given a finite training set of argument vectors functionally linked to corresponding scalar outputs. Its scope is limited to problems where the features are known in advance, or equivalently, where the expected functional representation is known to depend exclusively on the known selected variables. Programming and simulations to implement the methodology make use of Matlab Fuzzy and Neural toolboxes and a PC application of Prolog, and applications range from approximate representations of the direct kinematics of parallel manipulators to fuzzy controllers.
Show less  Date Issued
 1996
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12487
 Subject Headings
 Fuzzy algorithms, Set theory, Logic, Symbolic and mathematical, Finite groups, Representations of groups
 Format
 Document (PDF)
 Title
 New Geometric Large Sets.
 Creator
 Hurley, Michael Robert, Magliveras, Spyros S., Florida Atlantic University, Charles E. Schmidt College of Science, Department of Mathematical Sciences
 Abstract/Description

Let V be an ndimensional vector space over the field of q elements. By a geometric t[q^n, k, λ] design we mean a collection D of kdimensional subspaces of V, called blocks, such that every tdimensional subspace T of V appears in exactly λ blocks in D. A large set, LS [N] [t, k, q^n], of geometric designs is a collection on N disjoint t[q^n, k, λ] designs that partitions [V K], the collection of kdimensional subspaces of V. In this work we construct nonisomorphic large sets using...
Show moreLet V be an ndimensional vector space over the field of q elements. By a geometric t[q^n, k, λ] design we mean a collection D of kdimensional subspaces of V, called blocks, such that every tdimensional subspace T of V appears in exactly λ blocks in D. A large set, LS [N] [t, k, q^n], of geometric designs is a collection on N disjoint t[q^n, k, λ] designs that partitions [V K], the collection of kdimensional subspaces of V. In this work we construct nonisomorphic large sets using methods based on incidence structures known as the KramerMesner matrices. These structures are induced by particular group actions on the collection of subspaces of the vector space V. Subsequently, we discuss and use computational techniques for solving certain linear problems of the form AX = B, where A is a large integral matrix and X is a {0,1} solution. These techniques involve (i) lattice basisreduction, including variants of the LLL algorithm, and (ii) linear programming. Inspiration came from the 2013 work of Braun, Kohnert, Ostergard, and Wassermann, [17], who produced the first nontrivial large set of geometric designs with t ≥ 2. Bal Khadka and Michael Epstein provided the knowhow for using the LLL and linear programming algorithms that we implemented to construct the large sets.
Show less  Date Issued
 2016
 PURL
 http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004732, http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004732
 Subject Headings
 Group theory., Finite groups., Factorial experiment designs., Irregularities of distribution (Number theory), Combinatorial analysis.
 Format
 Document (PDF)