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Maximum likelihood estimates of azimuth and elevation for a frequency-hopped active source using a tetrahedral ultra-short baseline

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Date Issued:
2004
Summary:
Ultra-Short-BaseLine (USBL) is the most practical underwater acoustic positioning system for autonomous underwater vehicles because of its small space requirement. The objective of this research is to develop a USBL system capable of estimating a source location transmitting frequency-hopped tones sequences. Such sequences are characteristic of spread spectrum signaling used in underwater acoustic communication network. It must be able to provide azimuth and elevation of a modem-type source with an accuracy of 0.3 degrees; for both angles using the synchronization stage of the transmission. The acoustic antenna is composed of four transducers arranged as a tetrahedron. Using the model of Quazi and Lerro, which provides an expression for the variance of the bearing angle, azimuth and elevation of the transmitter are estimated employing maximum likelihood estimation. This system is simulated, tested and calibrated in a tank. Simulated results satisfy the requirement with a SNR of 32dB and 8 symbols. The latest experimental measurements present an accuracy of 3 degrees.
Title: Maximum likelihood estimates of azimuth and elevation for a frequency-hopped active source using a tetrahedral ultra-short baseline.
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Name(s): Warin, Raphael.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Beaujean, Pierre-Philippe, Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 162 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Ultra-Short-BaseLine (USBL) is the most practical underwater acoustic positioning system for autonomous underwater vehicles because of its small space requirement. The objective of this research is to develop a USBL system capable of estimating a source location transmitting frequency-hopped tones sequences. Such sequences are characteristic of spread spectrum signaling used in underwater acoustic communication network. It must be able to provide azimuth and elevation of a modem-type source with an accuracy of 0.3 degrees; for both angles using the synchronization stage of the transmission. The acoustic antenna is composed of four transducers arranged as a tetrahedron. Using the model of Quazi and Lerro, which provides an expression for the variance of the bearing angle, azimuth and elevation of the transmitter are estimated employing maximum likelihood estimation. This system is simulated, tested and calibrated in a tank. Simulated results satisfy the requirement with a SNR of 32dB and 8 symbols. The latest experimental measurements present an accuracy of 3 degrees.
Identifier: 9780496241514 (isbn), 13135 (digitool), FADT13135 (IID), fau:9997 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2004.
Subject(s): Underwater acoustics--Instruments
Underwater acoustic telemetry
Signal processing--Technique
Adaptive signal processing
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/13135
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.