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TACKLING BIAS, PRIVACY, AND SCARCITY CHALLENGES IN HEALTH DATA ANALYTICS

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Date Issued:
2023
Abstract/Description:
Health data analysis has emerged as a critical domain with immense potential to revolutionize healthcare delivery, disease management, and medical research. However, it is confronted by formidable challenges, including sample bias, data privacy concerns, and the cost and scarcity of labeled data. These challenges collectively impede the development of accurate and robust machine learning models for various healthcare applications, from disease diagnosis to treatment recommendations. Sample bias and specificity refer to the inherent challenges in working with health datasets that may not be representative of the broader population or may exhibit disparities in their distributions. These biases can significantly impact the generalizability and effectiveness of machine learning models in healthcare, potentially leading to suboptimal outcomes for certain patient groups. Data privacy and locality are paramount concerns in the era of digital health records and wearable devices. The need to protect sensitive patient information while still extracting valuable insights from these data sources poses a delicate balancing act. Moreover, the geographic and jurisdictional differences in data regulations further complicate the use of health data in a global context. Label cost and scarcity pertain to the often labor-intensive and expensive process of obtaining ground-truth labels for supervised learning tasks in healthcare. The limited availability of labeled data can hinder the development and deployment of machine learning models, particularly in specialized medical domains.
Title: TACKLING BIAS, PRIVACY, AND SCARCITY CHALLENGES IN HEALTH DATA ANALYTICS.
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Name(s): Wang, Shuwen , author
Zhu, Xingquan, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2023
Date Issued: 2023
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 152 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Health data analysis has emerged as a critical domain with immense potential to revolutionize healthcare delivery, disease management, and medical research. However, it is confronted by formidable challenges, including sample bias, data privacy concerns, and the cost and scarcity of labeled data. These challenges collectively impede the development of accurate and robust machine learning models for various healthcare applications, from disease diagnosis to treatment recommendations. Sample bias and specificity refer to the inherent challenges in working with health datasets that may not be representative of the broader population or may exhibit disparities in their distributions. These biases can significantly impact the generalizability and effectiveness of machine learning models in healthcare, potentially leading to suboptimal outcomes for certain patient groups. Data privacy and locality are paramount concerns in the era of digital health records and wearable devices. The need to protect sensitive patient information while still extracting valuable insights from these data sources poses a delicate balancing act. Moreover, the geographic and jurisdictional differences in data regulations further complicate the use of health data in a global context. Label cost and scarcity pertain to the often labor-intensive and expensive process of obtaining ground-truth labels for supervised learning tasks in healthcare. The limited availability of labeled data can hinder the development and deployment of machine learning models, particularly in specialized medical domains.
Identifier: FA00014336 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (PhD)--Florida Atlantic University, 2023.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Data analytics
Data mining
Ensemble learning (Machine learning)
Machine learning
Health
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00014336
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Host Institution: FAU