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INVESTIGATING AND IMPROVING FAIRNESS AND BIAS IN MACHINE LEARNING MODELS FOR DERMATOLOGY

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Date Issued:
2023
Abstract/Description:
Advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have significantly improved their application in dermatology. However, bias issues in AI systems can result in missed diagnoses and disparities in healthcare, especially for individuals with different skin types. This dissertation aims to investigate and improve the fairness and bias in machine learning models for dermatology by evaluating and enhancing their performance across different Fitzpatrick skin types. The technical contributions of the dissertation include generating metadata for Fitzpatrick Skin Type using Individual Typology Angle; outlining best practices for Explainable AI (XAI) and the use of colormaps; developing and enhancing ML models through skin color transformation and extending the models to include XAI methods for better interpretation and improvement of fairness and bias; and providing a list of steps for successful application of deep learning in medical image analysis. The research findings of this dissertation have the potential to contribute to the development of fair and unbiased AI/ML models in dermatology. This can ultimately lead to better health outcomes and reduced healthcare costs, particularly for individuals with different skin types.
Title: INVESTIGATING AND IMPROVING FAIRNESS AND BIAS IN MACHINE LEARNING MODELS FOR DERMATOLOGY.
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Name(s): Corbin, Adam , author
Marques, Oge , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2023
Date Issued: 2023
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 164 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have significantly improved their application in dermatology. However, bias issues in AI systems can result in missed diagnoses and disparities in healthcare, especially for individuals with different skin types. This dissertation aims to investigate and improve the fairness and bias in machine learning models for dermatology by evaluating and enhancing their performance across different Fitzpatrick skin types. The technical contributions of the dissertation include generating metadata for Fitzpatrick Skin Type using Individual Typology Angle; outlining best practices for Explainable AI (XAI) and the use of colormaps; developing and enhancing ML models through skin color transformation and extending the models to include XAI methods for better interpretation and improvement of fairness and bias; and providing a list of steps for successful application of deep learning in medical image analysis. The research findings of this dissertation have the potential to contribute to the development of fair and unbiased AI/ML models in dermatology. This can ultimately lead to better health outcomes and reduced healthcare costs, particularly for individuals with different skin types.
Identifier: FA00014131 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (PhD)--Florida Atlantic University, 2023.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Diagnostic Imaging
Machine learning
Dermatology
Artificial intelligence
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00014131
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.