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ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT EFFECTS ON STONY CORAL TISSUE LOSS DISEASE

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Date Issued:
2022
Abstract/Description:
Florida’s coral reefs are facing a multi-year coral disease outbreak described as stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD), affecting at least 24 species of scleractinian corals. Potential anthropogenic and environmental drivers of SCTLD progression and severity are still poorly understood. This project was designed to determine the potential impacts of elevated nutrients on the progression and spread of SCTLD on reefs in Southeast Florida. We attempted to increase nutrient levels near coral colonies using fertilizer amendments to mimic the effects of agricultural and urban runoff. SCTLD lesion progression, coral tissue loss, and disease prevalence were tracked overtime. There were no significant differences in nutrient concentrations between nutrient-amended and control groups or SCTLD progressions or surrounding SCTLD prevalence. However, water temperature was positively correlated to SCTLD activity. These findings provide insight to reef managers seeking to limit and mitigate the prevalence and impacts of SCTLD.
Title: ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT EFFECTS ON STONY CORAL TISSUE LOSS DISEASE.
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Name(s): Carreiro, Ashley M. , author
Voss, Joshua D. , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Marine Science and Oceanography
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2022
Date Issued: 2022
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 87 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Florida’s coral reefs are facing a multi-year coral disease outbreak described as stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD), affecting at least 24 species of scleractinian corals. Potential anthropogenic and environmental drivers of SCTLD progression and severity are still poorly understood. This project was designed to determine the potential impacts of elevated nutrients on the progression and spread of SCTLD on reefs in Southeast Florida. We attempted to increase nutrient levels near coral colonies using fertilizer amendments to mimic the effects of agricultural and urban runoff. SCTLD lesion progression, coral tissue loss, and disease prevalence were tracked overtime. There were no significant differences in nutrient concentrations between nutrient-amended and control groups or SCTLD progressions or surrounding SCTLD prevalence. However, water temperature was positively correlated to SCTLD activity. These findings provide insight to reef managers seeking to limit and mitigate the prevalence and impacts of SCTLD.
Identifier: FA00014091 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (MS)--Florida Atlantic University, 2022.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Scleractinia
Corals--Diseases
Eutrophication
Coral reef management
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00014091
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.