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Embodied Biological Computers: Closing The Loop on Sensorimotor Integration of Dexterous Robotic Hands

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Date Issued:
2022
Abstract/Description:
The sensation of touch is an integral part of using our hands. As different researchers work toward the restoration of afferent sensation in prosthetic hands, it becomes urgent to better understand how an artificial hand’s afferent inputs are affected by the efferent muscular outputs, and vice-versa. Current methods of neuroprosthetic research have many regulatory hurdles, time, cost, and associated risk to the patient. To circumvent these hurdles, we developed a non-invasive, closed-loop (CL) neuroprosthetic research platform, integrating artificial tactile signals from an artificial hand with biomimetically-stimulated biological neuronal networks (BNNs) cultured in a multielectrode array (MEA) chamber. These living embodied biological computers (EBCs) can provide a non-invasive alternative for investigating invasive neuroprosthetic interfaces. With them we can explore a variety of control techniques, tactile sensation encoding methods, and neural decoding methods to increase the rate of research in this area with minimal regulatory approval, greatly reduced cost and time, and no risk to the patients. In the first stage of this integration, our EBC was programmed to embody neuronal spiking from spontaneously active “efferent” receptive fields in cultured BNNs as intentional signals for movement. Bursts were transferred to a robotic hand and initiated a tapping motion of the index finger laid in proximity to a surface. Contact elicited artificial sensations, which were registered by a biotac tactile sensor array fit to the robotic fingertip.
Title: Embodied Biological Computers: Closing The Loop on Sensorimotor Integration of Dexterous Robotic Hands.
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Name(s): Ades, Craig, author
Engeberg, Erik D. , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2022
Date Issued: 2022
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 142 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The sensation of touch is an integral part of using our hands. As different researchers work toward the restoration of afferent sensation in prosthetic hands, it becomes urgent to better understand how an artificial hand’s afferent inputs are affected by the efferent muscular outputs, and vice-versa. Current methods of neuroprosthetic research have many regulatory hurdles, time, cost, and associated risk to the patient. To circumvent these hurdles, we developed a non-invasive, closed-loop (CL) neuroprosthetic research platform, integrating artificial tactile signals from an artificial hand with biomimetically-stimulated biological neuronal networks (BNNs) cultured in a multielectrode array (MEA) chamber. These living embodied biological computers (EBCs) can provide a non-invasive alternative for investigating invasive neuroprosthetic interfaces. With them we can explore a variety of control techniques, tactile sensation encoding methods, and neural decoding methods to increase the rate of research in this area with minimal regulatory approval, greatly reduced cost and time, and no risk to the patients. In the first stage of this integration, our EBC was programmed to embody neuronal spiking from spontaneously active “efferent” receptive fields in cultured BNNs as intentional signals for movement. Bursts were transferred to a robotic hand and initiated a tapping motion of the index finger laid in proximity to a surface. Contact elicited artificial sensations, which were registered by a biotac tactile sensor array fit to the robotic fingertip.
Identifier: FA00014092 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (PhD)--Florida Atlantic University, 2022.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Artificial hands
Neuroprostheses
Neurotechnology (Bioengineering)
Robotics
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00014092
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.