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SALT MARSH SPECIES CLASSIFICATION AND SOIL PROPERTY MODELING USING MULTIPLE REMOTE SENSORS

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Date Issued:
2022
Abstract/Description:
Salt marshes are highly dynamic ecosystems that rely on multiple environmental and physical drivers that determine species distribution and soil property distribution. However, climate change and human interference are threatening the delicate ecosystem. One of the easiest ways to monitor marsh dynamics is through remote sensing. Traditional methods may not handle the large, non-parametric datasets well and often do not spatially determine areas of uncertainty. This dissertation research developed a framework to map marsh species and predict ground soil properties using multiple remote sensing data sources by integrating modern Object-based Image Analysis (OBIA), machine learning, data fusion, and band indices techniques. It also sought to determine areas of uncertainty in the final outputs and differences between different spectral resolutions. Five machine learning classifiers were examined including Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Random Forest (RF) to map marsh species. Overall results illustrated that RF and SVM typically performed best, especially when using hyperspectral data combined with DEM information. Seven regressors were assessed to map three different soil properties. Again, RF and SVM performed the best no matter the dataset used, or soil property mapped. Soil salinity had r as high as 0.93, soil moisture had r as high as 0.91, and soil organic an r as high as 0.74 when using hyperspectral data.
Title: SALT MARSH SPECIES CLASSIFICATION AND SOIL PROPERTY MODELING USING MULTIPLE REMOTE SENSORS.
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Name(s): Nicholson, Heather M. , author
Zhang, Caiyun , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Geosciences
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2022
Date Issued: 2022
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 167 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Salt marshes are highly dynamic ecosystems that rely on multiple environmental and physical drivers that determine species distribution and soil property distribution. However, climate change and human interference are threatening the delicate ecosystem. One of the easiest ways to monitor marsh dynamics is through remote sensing. Traditional methods may not handle the large, non-parametric datasets well and often do not spatially determine areas of uncertainty. This dissertation research developed a framework to map marsh species and predict ground soil properties using multiple remote sensing data sources by integrating modern Object-based Image Analysis (OBIA), machine learning, data fusion, and band indices techniques. It also sought to determine areas of uncertainty in the final outputs and differences between different spectral resolutions. Five machine learning classifiers were examined including Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Random Forest (RF) to map marsh species. Overall results illustrated that RF and SVM typically performed best, especially when using hyperspectral data combined with DEM information. Seven regressors were assessed to map three different soil properties. Again, RF and SVM performed the best no matter the dataset used, or soil property mapped. Soil salinity had r as high as 0.93, soil moisture had r as high as 0.91, and soil organic an r as high as 0.74 when using hyperspectral data.
Identifier: FA00014000 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2022.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Salt marshes
Salt marsh ecology
Species
Remote sensing
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00014000
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.