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STONY CORAL TISSUE LOSS DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY AND RESISTANCE: GENOMIC FACTORS AMONG ORBICELLA FAVEOLATA CORALS IN SOUTH FLORIDA

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Date Issued:
2022
Abstract/Description:
Stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD) has spread throughout the entirety of Florida’s Coral Reef (FCR) and across the Caribbean, impacting over 50 coral species. The threatened hermatypic coral, Orbicella faveolata, demonstrates intraspecific variation in SCTLD resistance and has been categorized into three resistance levels: “High”, “Medium”, and “Low”. This study evaluated potential genomic underpinnings of variable disease susceptibility by monitoring and sampling 90 O. faveolata colonies from Southeast Florida and the Lower Keys. High resolution analyses of >11,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified no significant genetic lineages among O. faveolata colonies associated with SCTLD resistance or susceptibility. Algal symbiont community analysis revealed that Durusdinium was present in greater abundances in SCTLD-affected colonies compared to the “High” resistance group, suggesting that algal symbiont community structure may play a role in SCTLD resistance. Data generated by this research will be combined with complementary approaches to further investigate the complex drivers of SCTLD resilience.
Title: STONY CORAL TISSUE LOSS DISEASE SUSCEPTIBILITY AND RESISTANCE: GENOMIC FACTORS AMONG ORBICELLA FAVEOLATA CORALS IN SOUTH FLORIDA.
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Name(s): Klein, Allison M. , author
Voss, Joshua D. , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Biological Sciences
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2022
Date Issued: 2022
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 63 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD) has spread throughout the entirety of Florida’s Coral Reef (FCR) and across the Caribbean, impacting over 50 coral species. The threatened hermatypic coral, Orbicella faveolata, demonstrates intraspecific variation in SCTLD resistance and has been categorized into three resistance levels: “High”, “Medium”, and “Low”. This study evaluated potential genomic underpinnings of variable disease susceptibility by monitoring and sampling 90 O. faveolata colonies from Southeast Florida and the Lower Keys. High resolution analyses of >11,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms identified no significant genetic lineages among O. faveolata colonies associated with SCTLD resistance or susceptibility. Algal symbiont community analysis revealed that Durusdinium was present in greater abundances in SCTLD-affected colonies compared to the “High” resistance group, suggesting that algal symbiont community structure may play a role in SCTLD resistance. Data generated by this research will be combined with complementary approaches to further investigate the complex drivers of SCTLD resilience.
Identifier: FA00013996 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (MS)--Florida Atlantic University, 2022.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Corals--Diseases
Scleractinia
Intraspecific variation
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013996
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.