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Efficacy of the virtual cone method using fixed small multi-leaf collimator field for stereotactic radiosurgery

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Date Issued:
2022
Abstract/Description:
Dosimetric uncertainty in very small (< 2 x 2 cm2) photon fields is notably higher that has created research questions when using small-field virtual cone with variable multileaf collimator (MLC) fields. We evaluate the efficacy of the virtual cone with a fixed MLC field for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) of small targets such as trigeminal neuralgia. We employed a virtual cone technique with a fixed field geometry, called fixed virtual cone (fVC), for small target radiosurgery using the EDGE (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) linac. The fVC is characterized by 0.5 cm x 0.5 cm high-definition MLC field of 10 MV flattening filter-free (FFF) beam defined at 100 cm SAD, while jaws are positioned at 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm. A spherical dose distribution equivalent to 5 mm cone was generated by using 10–14 non-coplanar partial arcs. The dosimetric accuracy of this technique was validated using the SRS MapCHECK (Sun Nuclear Corporation, FL) and the EBT3 (Ashland Inc., NJ) film based on absolute dose measurements. For the quality assurance (QA), 10 treatment plans for trigeminal neuralgia consisting of various arc fields at different collimator angles were analyzed retrospectively using 6 MV and 10 MV FFF beams, including the field-by-field study (n = 130 fields). Dose outputs were compared between the SRS MapCHECK measurements and Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) with Acuros XB algorithm (version 16.1). In addition, important clinical parameters of 15 cases treated for trigeminal neuralgia were evaluated for the clinical performance. Moreover, dosimetric (field output factors, dose/MU) uncertainties considering a minute (± 0.5–1.0 mm) leaf shift in the field defining fVC, were examined from the TPS, SRS diode (PTW 60018) measurements, and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations.
Title: Efficacy of the virtual cone method using fixed small multi-leaf collimator field for stereotactic radiosurgery.
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Name(s): Neupane, Taindra, author
Leventouri, Theodora, Thesis advisor
Shang, Charles, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Physics
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2022
Date Issued: 2022
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 128 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Dosimetric uncertainty in very small (< 2 x 2 cm2) photon fields is notably higher that has created research questions when using small-field virtual cone with variable multileaf collimator (MLC) fields. We evaluate the efficacy of the virtual cone with a fixed MLC field for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) of small targets such as trigeminal neuralgia. We employed a virtual cone technique with a fixed field geometry, called fixed virtual cone (fVC), for small target radiosurgery using the EDGE (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA) linac. The fVC is characterized by 0.5 cm x 0.5 cm high-definition MLC field of 10 MV flattening filter-free (FFF) beam defined at 100 cm SAD, while jaws are positioned at 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm. A spherical dose distribution equivalent to 5 mm cone was generated by using 10–14 non-coplanar partial arcs. The dosimetric accuracy of this technique was validated using the SRS MapCHECK (Sun Nuclear Corporation, FL) and the EBT3 (Ashland Inc., NJ) film based on absolute dose measurements. For the quality assurance (QA), 10 treatment plans for trigeminal neuralgia consisting of various arc fields at different collimator angles were analyzed retrospectively using 6 MV and 10 MV FFF beams, including the field-by-field study (n = 130 fields). Dose outputs were compared between the SRS MapCHECK measurements and Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) with Acuros XB algorithm (version 16.1). In addition, important clinical parameters of 15 cases treated for trigeminal neuralgia were evaluated for the clinical performance. Moreover, dosimetric (field output factors, dose/MU) uncertainties considering a minute (± 0.5–1.0 mm) leaf shift in the field defining fVC, were examined from the TPS, SRS diode (PTW 60018) measurements, and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations.
Identifier: FA00013958 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2022.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Radiation dosimetry
Radiosurgery
Collimators (Optical instrument)
Monte Carlo method
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013958
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.