You are here

MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS FOR PREDICTING BOTNET ATTACKS IN IOT NETWORKS

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2022
Abstract/Description:
The proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) devices in various networks is being matched by an increase in related cybersecurity risks. To help counter these risks, big datasets such as Bot-IoT were designed to train machine learning algorithms on network-based intrusion detection for IoT devices. From a binary classification perspective, there is a high-class imbalance in Bot-IoT between each of the attack categories and the normal category, and also between the combined attack categories and the normal category. Within the scope of predicting botnet attacks in IoT networks, this dissertation demonstrates the usefulness and efficiency of novel machine learning methods, such as an easy-to-classify method and a unique set of ensemble feature selection techniques. The focus of this work is on the full Bot-IoT dataset, as well as each of the four attack categories of Bot-IoT, namely, Denial-of-Service (DoS), Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS), Reconnaissance, and Information Theft. Since resources and services become inaccessible during DoS and DDoS attacks, this interruption is costly to an organization in terms of both time and money. Reconnaissance attacks often signify the first stage of a cyberattack and preventing them from occurring usually means the end of the intended cyberattack. Information Theft attacks not only erode consumer confidence but may also compromise intellectual property and national security. For the DoS experiment, the ensemble feature selection approach led to the best performance, while for the DDoS experiment, the full set of Bot-IoT features resulted in the best performance. Regarding the Reconnaissance experiment, the ensemble feature selection approach effected the best performance. In relation to the Information Theft experiment, the ensemble feature selection techniques did not affect performance, positively or negatively. However, the ensemble feature selection approach is recommended for this experiment because feature reduction eases computational burden and may provide clarity through improved data visualization. For the full Bot-IoT big dataset, an explainable machine learning approach was taken using the Decision Tree classifier. An easy-to-learn Decision Tree model for predicting attacks was obtained with only three features, which is a significant result for big data.
Title: MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS FOR PREDICTING BOTNET ATTACKS IN IOT NETWORKS.
29 views
8 downloads
Name(s): Leevy, Joffrey , author
Khoshgoftaar, Taghi M. , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2022
Date Issued: 2022
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 147 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) devices in various networks is being matched by an increase in related cybersecurity risks. To help counter these risks, big datasets such as Bot-IoT were designed to train machine learning algorithms on network-based intrusion detection for IoT devices. From a binary classification perspective, there is a high-class imbalance in Bot-IoT between each of the attack categories and the normal category, and also between the combined attack categories and the normal category. Within the scope of predicting botnet attacks in IoT networks, this dissertation demonstrates the usefulness and efficiency of novel machine learning methods, such as an easy-to-classify method and a unique set of ensemble feature selection techniques. The focus of this work is on the full Bot-IoT dataset, as well as each of the four attack categories of Bot-IoT, namely, Denial-of-Service (DoS), Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS), Reconnaissance, and Information Theft. Since resources and services become inaccessible during DoS and DDoS attacks, this interruption is costly to an organization in terms of both time and money. Reconnaissance attacks often signify the first stage of a cyberattack and preventing them from occurring usually means the end of the intended cyberattack. Information Theft attacks not only erode consumer confidence but may also compromise intellectual property and national security. For the DoS experiment, the ensemble feature selection approach led to the best performance, while for the DDoS experiment, the full set of Bot-IoT features resulted in the best performance. Regarding the Reconnaissance experiment, the ensemble feature selection approach effected the best performance. In relation to the Information Theft experiment, the ensemble feature selection techniques did not affect performance, positively or negatively. However, the ensemble feature selection approach is recommended for this experiment because feature reduction eases computational burden and may provide clarity through improved data visualization. For the full Bot-IoT big dataset, an explainable machine learning approach was taken using the Decision Tree classifier. An easy-to-learn Decision Tree model for predicting attacks was obtained with only three features, which is a significant result for big data.
Identifier: FA00013933 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2022.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Machine learning
Internet of things--Security measures
Big data
Intrusion detection systems (Computer security)
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013933
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.