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Potential attenuation and anode current output determination alternatives for galvanic anode cathodic protection upon offshore pipelines

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Date Issued:
2000
Summary:
A recently developed equation governing cathodic polarization attenuation along a pipeline protected by galvanic anodes is first solved. The solution is based upon a numerical finite difference method (FDM). The resulting subroutine computes the polarization along the cathode and the corresponding anode current output based upon the physical design variables and electrochemical properties of the cathode. Validation of this method is accomplished through comparisons with a proven existing method for attenuation prediction, namely the Boundary Element Method (BEM). As both the FDM and BEM solutions are mathematically complex and time consuming, it is then demonstrated that a modified form of Ohm's Law that quantitatively interrelates (1) design life, (2) anode size, weight, and properties, (3) pipe size, current demand, and coating quality, (4) sea water resistivity, (5) magnitude of polarization, and (6) anode spacing is sufficient for design purposes where metallic resistance of the pipeline itself is negligible. This new method can be easily adapted in a spreadsheet type analysis as no numerical subroutine is necessary. One size pipeline of varying lengths is analyzed using these methods for comparisons and validation and the effect of metallic resistance on attenuation profiles is examined. It is concluded that for small diameter pipelines with anode spacing up to 800 m metallic resistance is negligible, and thus all three methods can be used with reasonable confidence for spacings below 800 m. An analysis to illustrate the effect of a stratified electrolyte in the vicinity of the pipeline has been initiated and preliminary results are also presented.
Title: Potential attenuation and anode current output determination alternatives for galvanic anode cathodic protection upon offshore pipelines.
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Name(s): Bethune, Keith P.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Hartt, William H., Thesis advisor
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2000
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 77 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: A recently developed equation governing cathodic polarization attenuation along a pipeline protected by galvanic anodes is first solved. The solution is based upon a numerical finite difference method (FDM). The resulting subroutine computes the polarization along the cathode and the corresponding anode current output based upon the physical design variables and electrochemical properties of the cathode. Validation of this method is accomplished through comparisons with a proven existing method for attenuation prediction, namely the Boundary Element Method (BEM). As both the FDM and BEM solutions are mathematically complex and time consuming, it is then demonstrated that a modified form of Ohm's Law that quantitatively interrelates (1) design life, (2) anode size, weight, and properties, (3) pipe size, current demand, and coating quality, (4) sea water resistivity, (5) magnitude of polarization, and (6) anode spacing is sufficient for design purposes where metallic resistance of the pipeline itself is negligible. This new method can be easily adapted in a spreadsheet type analysis as no numerical subroutine is necessary. One size pipeline of varying lengths is analyzed using these methods for comparisons and validation and the effect of metallic resistance on attenuation profiles is examined. It is concluded that for small diameter pipelines with anode spacing up to 800 m metallic resistance is negligible, and thus all three methods can be used with reasonable confidence for spacings below 800 m. An analysis to illustrate the effect of a stratified electrolyte in the vicinity of the pipeline has been initiated and preliminary results are also presented.
Identifier: 9780599813632 (isbn), 12672 (digitool), FADT12672 (IID), fau:9554 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.O.E.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2000.
Subject(s): Underwater pipelines
Pipelines--Cathodic protection
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12672
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.