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Self-calibration of laser tracking measurement system with planar constraints

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Date Issued:
1999
Summary:
Laser tracking coordinate measuring machines have the potential of continuously measuring three dimensional target coordinates in a large workspace with a fast sampling rate and high accuracy. Proper calibration of a laser tracking measurement system is essential prior to use of such a device for metrology. In the absence of a more accurate instrument for system calibration, one has to rely on self-calibration strategies. In this dissertation, a kinematic model that describes not only the motion but also geometric variations of a multiple-beam laser tracking system was developed. The proposed model has the following features: (1) Target positions can be computed from both distance and angular measurements. (2) Through error analysis it was proven that even rough angular measurement may improve the overall system calibration results. A self-calibration method was proposed to calibrate intelligent machines with planar constraints. The method is also applied to the self-calibration of the laser tracking system and a standard PUMA 560 robot. Various calibration strategies utilizing planar constraints were explored to deal with different system setups. For each calibration strategy, issues about the error parameter estimation of the system were investigated to find out under which conditions these parameters can be uniquely estimated. These conditions revealed the applicability of the planar constraints to the system self-calibration. The observability conditions can serve as a guideline for the experimental setup when planar constraint is utilized in the machine calibration including the calibration of the laser tracking systems. Intensive simulation studies were conducted to check validity of the theoretical results. Realistic noise values were injected to the system models to statistically assess the behavior of the self-calibration system under real-world conditions. Various practical calibration issues were also explored in the simulations and therefore to pave ways for experimental investigation. The calibration strategies were also applied experimentally to calibrate a laser tracking system constructed at the Robotics Center in Florida Atlantic University.
Title: Self-calibration of laser tracking measurement system with planar constraints.
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Name(s): Motaghedi, Shui Hu.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Zhuang, Hanqi, Thesis advisor
Roth, Zvi S., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1999
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 271 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Laser tracking coordinate measuring machines have the potential of continuously measuring three dimensional target coordinates in a large workspace with a fast sampling rate and high accuracy. Proper calibration of a laser tracking measurement system is essential prior to use of such a device for metrology. In the absence of a more accurate instrument for system calibration, one has to rely on self-calibration strategies. In this dissertation, a kinematic model that describes not only the motion but also geometric variations of a multiple-beam laser tracking system was developed. The proposed model has the following features: (1) Target positions can be computed from both distance and angular measurements. (2) Through error analysis it was proven that even rough angular measurement may improve the overall system calibration results. A self-calibration method was proposed to calibrate intelligent machines with planar constraints. The method is also applied to the self-calibration of the laser tracking system and a standard PUMA 560 robot. Various calibration strategies utilizing planar constraints were explored to deal with different system setups. For each calibration strategy, issues about the error parameter estimation of the system were investigated to find out under which conditions these parameters can be uniquely estimated. These conditions revealed the applicability of the planar constraints to the system self-calibration. The observability conditions can serve as a guideline for the experimental setup when planar constraint is utilized in the machine calibration including the calibration of the laser tracking systems. Intensive simulation studies were conducted to check validity of the theoretical results. Realistic noise values were injected to the system models to statistically assess the behavior of the self-calibration system under real-world conditions. Various practical calibration issues were also explored in the simulations and therefore to pave ways for experimental investigation. The calibration strategies were also applied experimentally to calibrate a laser tracking system constructed at the Robotics Center in Florida Atlantic University.
Identifier: 9780599375147 (isbn), 12599 (digitool), FADT12599 (IID), fau:9484 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1999.
Subject(s): Robots--Kinematics
Robotics--Calibration--Measurement
Robots--Control systems
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12599
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.