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High performance and robust control

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Date Issued:
1996
Summary:
It is desirable to have robust high performance nonlinear control with a model-free design approach for the real time automatic control of practical industrial processes. The field has seen the application of Sliding Mode Controllers (SMCs). SMCs are nonlinear robust controllers, however most design approaches related to SMCs are model-based approaches. PID controllers and some Fuzzy Logic Controllers (FLCs) are model-free controllers, however their robustness is not integrated into their design parameters directly. This dissertation presents two new types of robust high performance nonlinear controllers with model-free design approaches. One introduces fuzzy logic to a model-free SMC which is a simple saturation function incorporating three design parameters. Due to the interpolative nature of fuzzy control, a TSK type FLC with the model-free SMCs as its rule's consequents will produce a controller with a nonlinear sliding curve and a nonlinear boundary layer. We call this controller a Fuzzy Sliding Controller (FSC). The other uses a new type of Variable Structure Controller (VSC), which intentionally switches from one controller to another controller during a step response. In conventional approaches to VSC, the control surface does not change its shape during a step response. The new type of VSC intentionally changes the shape of the control surface during the step response. This technique is analogous to that technique employed in image processing called "morphing" where a given image gradually changes over time to the image of a different entity. In order to avoid confusion with the conventional approach to a VSC, we use the term "Morphological" Controller (MC) for the VSC of the new type. The performance and robustness with respect to parameter variations, disturbances and slow sample rates of the proposed controllers are studied in detail with a DC motor and an Inverted Pendulum System. As a means to verify the proposed controllers in practical cases, we design the model-free SMC, the FSC and the MC for the highly nonlinear and uncertain dynamics of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, Ocean Voyager II. It is shown that the proposed controllers are high performance and high robustness controllers.
Title: High performance and robust control.
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Name(s): Xu, Min.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Smith, Samuel M., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1996
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 199 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: It is desirable to have robust high performance nonlinear control with a model-free design approach for the real time automatic control of practical industrial processes. The field has seen the application of Sliding Mode Controllers (SMCs). SMCs are nonlinear robust controllers, however most design approaches related to SMCs are model-based approaches. PID controllers and some Fuzzy Logic Controllers (FLCs) are model-free controllers, however their robustness is not integrated into their design parameters directly. This dissertation presents two new types of robust high performance nonlinear controllers with model-free design approaches. One introduces fuzzy logic to a model-free SMC which is a simple saturation function incorporating three design parameters. Due to the interpolative nature of fuzzy control, a TSK type FLC with the model-free SMCs as its rule's consequents will produce a controller with a nonlinear sliding curve and a nonlinear boundary layer. We call this controller a Fuzzy Sliding Controller (FSC). The other uses a new type of Variable Structure Controller (VSC), which intentionally switches from one controller to another controller during a step response. In conventional approaches to VSC, the control surface does not change its shape during a step response. The new type of VSC intentionally changes the shape of the control surface during the step response. This technique is analogous to that technique employed in image processing called "morphing" where a given image gradually changes over time to the image of a different entity. In order to avoid confusion with the conventional approach to a VSC, we use the term "Morphological" Controller (MC) for the VSC of the new type. The performance and robustness with respect to parameter variations, disturbances and slow sample rates of the proposed controllers are studied in detail with a DC motor and an Inverted Pendulum System. As a means to verify the proposed controllers in practical cases, we design the model-free SMC, the FSC and the MC for the highly nonlinear and uncertain dynamics of an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, Ocean Voyager II. It is shown that the proposed controllers are high performance and high robustness controllers.
Identifier: 12446 (digitool), FADT12446 (IID), fau:9341 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1996.
Subject(s): Nonlinear control theory
Automatic control
Feedback control systems
Feedforward control systems
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12446
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.