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Experimental and theoretical characterization of near-threshold fatigue crack growth for high strength steels in seawater

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Date Issued:
1995
Summary:
Near-threshold fatigue crack growth rate data were generated for six high strength steels at stress ratios of 0.5 and 0.8 under different environmental conditions, which included air, freely corroding in seawater, and cathodically polarized in seawater to -0.80v, -0.95v and -1.10v (vs SCE). The influence of stress ratio, loading frequency, magnitude of cathodic polarization and initial DeltaK on fatigue crack growth behavior for these high strength steels was experimentally characterized. The results disclosed general trends of fatigue crack growth under conditions relevant to offshore structure applications and circumscribed variables that are primarily influential with regard to service performance. The rate controlling processes and cracking mechanisms of near-threshold fatigue crack growth, particularly under cathodic polarization in seawater, were also studied in conjunction with crack mouth opening displacement measurements, fractographic observation and crack profile examination. The data and observations suggest that calcareous deposit induced closure was the rate-controlling factor for near-threshold fatigue crack growth under cathodic polarization in seawater although the cracking involved a brittle failure mechanism as a result of hydrogen embrittlement. With different FCGR determining procedures which included natural K-decreasing, enhanced K-decreasing, natural K-increasing and constant DeltaK, the FCGR under cathodic polarization in seawater was found to be time-dependent and, as such, was not a unique function of DeltaK but depended upon K-history or experimental procedures. These observations were consistent with results of a theoretical analysis which involved kinetics modeling of the interaction between fatigue crack growth and calcareous deposit thickening. The model also predicted the existence of an upper limit transition DeltaK, DeltaK Upp/T, between the Paris and threshold regions and it was found that the predicted DeltaK Upp/T was in agreement with the experimental one. The basis for applying this critical parameter (DeltaK Upp/T) to offshore structure designs was addressed in conjunction with experimental results.
Title: Experimental and theoretical characterization of near-threshold fatigue crack growth for high strength steels in seawater.
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Name(s): Yang, Jingjun.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Hartt, William H., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1995
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 156 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Near-threshold fatigue crack growth rate data were generated for six high strength steels at stress ratios of 0.5 and 0.8 under different environmental conditions, which included air, freely corroding in seawater, and cathodically polarized in seawater to -0.80v, -0.95v and -1.10v (vs SCE). The influence of stress ratio, loading frequency, magnitude of cathodic polarization and initial DeltaK on fatigue crack growth behavior for these high strength steels was experimentally characterized. The results disclosed general trends of fatigue crack growth under conditions relevant to offshore structure applications and circumscribed variables that are primarily influential with regard to service performance. The rate controlling processes and cracking mechanisms of near-threshold fatigue crack growth, particularly under cathodic polarization in seawater, were also studied in conjunction with crack mouth opening displacement measurements, fractographic observation and crack profile examination. The data and observations suggest that calcareous deposit induced closure was the rate-controlling factor for near-threshold fatigue crack growth under cathodic polarization in seawater although the cracking involved a brittle failure mechanism as a result of hydrogen embrittlement. With different FCGR determining procedures which included natural K-decreasing, enhanced K-decreasing, natural K-increasing and constant DeltaK, the FCGR under cathodic polarization in seawater was found to be time-dependent and, as such, was not a unique function of DeltaK but depended upon K-history or experimental procedures. These observations were consistent with results of a theoretical analysis which involved kinetics modeling of the interaction between fatigue crack growth and calcareous deposit thickening. The model also predicted the existence of an upper limit transition DeltaK, DeltaK Upp/T, between the Paris and threshold regions and it was found that the predicted DeltaK Upp/T was in agreement with the experimental one. The basis for applying this critical parameter (DeltaK Upp/T) to offshore structure designs was addressed in conjunction with experimental results.
Identifier: 12410 (digitool), FADT12410 (IID), fau:9307 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1995.
Subject(s): Seawater corrosion
Steel--Fatigue
Steel--Fracture
Corrosion and anti-corrosives
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12410
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.