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Stochastical aspects of neuronal activity, neural networks, and communication

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Date Issued:
1993
Summary:
By revisiting the popular framework of depicting neuronal (collective) activities as analogous to Ising's spin-glass theory of interacting magnetic spins, the contradictions that coexist with such an analogy are extracted and discussed. To alleviate such contradictions, an alternative strategy of equating the neuronal interactions to the partially anisotropic nematic phase of disorder pertaining to liquid crystals is proposed. Hence, the extent of anisotropy in the neuronal system, quantified in terms of an order-function, is specified to elucidate the nonlinear squashing action of the input-output relations in a neuronal cell. The relevant approach thereof, is based on Langevin's theory considerations as applied to dipole molecules. Further, in view of the stochastical properties due to the inherent disorder associated with the neuronal assembly, the progression of state-transitions across the interconnected cells is modeled as a momentum flow relevant to particle dynamics. Hence, corresponding wave mechanics attributions of such a collective movement of state-transition activity are described in terms of a probabilistic wave function. Lastly, the stochastical aspects of noise-perturbed neuronal dynamics are studied via Fokker-Planck equation representing the Langevin-type relaxational (nonlinear) process associated with the neuronal states. On each of these topics portraying the stochastical characteristics of the neuronal assembly and its activities, newer and/or more exploratory inferences are made, logical conclusions are enumerated and relevant discussions are presented along with the scope for future research to be pursued.
Title: Stochastical aspects of neuronal activity, neural networks, and communication.
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Name(s): De Groff, Dolores F.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Neelakanta, Perambur S., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1993
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 275 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: By revisiting the popular framework of depicting neuronal (collective) activities as analogous to Ising's spin-glass theory of interacting magnetic spins, the contradictions that coexist with such an analogy are extracted and discussed. To alleviate such contradictions, an alternative strategy of equating the neuronal interactions to the partially anisotropic nematic phase of disorder pertaining to liquid crystals is proposed. Hence, the extent of anisotropy in the neuronal system, quantified in terms of an order-function, is specified to elucidate the nonlinear squashing action of the input-output relations in a neuronal cell. The relevant approach thereof, is based on Langevin's theory considerations as applied to dipole molecules. Further, in view of the stochastical properties due to the inherent disorder associated with the neuronal assembly, the progression of state-transitions across the interconnected cells is modeled as a momentum flow relevant to particle dynamics. Hence, corresponding wave mechanics attributions of such a collective movement of state-transition activity are described in terms of a probabilistic wave function. Lastly, the stochastical aspects of noise-perturbed neuronal dynamics are studied via Fokker-Planck equation representing the Langevin-type relaxational (nonlinear) process associated with the neuronal states. On each of these topics portraying the stochastical characteristics of the neuronal assembly and its activities, newer and/or more exploratory inferences are made, logical conclusions are enumerated and relevant discussions are presented along with the scope for future research to be pursued.
Identifier: 12326 (digitool), FADT12326 (IID), fau:9228 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1993.
Subject(s): Neurons--Mathematical models
Stochastic processes
Neural networks (Computer science)
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12326
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.