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Learning in connectionist networks using the Alopex algorithm

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Date Issued:
1993
Summary:
The Alopex algorithm is presented as a universal learning algorithm for connectionist models. It is shown that the Alopex procedure could be used efficiently as a supervised learning algorithm for such models. The algorithm is demonstrated successfully on a variety of network architectures. Such architectures include multilayer perceptrons, time-delay models, asymmetric, fully recurrent networks and memory neuron networks. The learning performance as well as the generation capability of the Alopex algorithm are compared with those of the backpropagation procedure, concerning a number of benchmark problems, and it is shown that the Alopex has specific advantages over the backpropagation. Two new architectures (gain layer schemes) are proposed for the on-line, direct adaptive control of dynamical systems using neural networks. The proposed schemes are shown to provide better dynamic response and tracking characteristics, than the other existing direct control schemes. A velocity reference scheme is introduced to improve the dynamic response of on-line learning controllers. The proposed learning algorithm and architectures are studied on three practical problems; (i) Classification of handwritten digits using Fourier Descriptors; (ii) Recognition of underwater targets from sonar returns, considering temporal dependencies of consecutive returns and (iii) On-line learning control of autonomous underwater vehicles, starting with random initial conditions. Detailed studies are conducted on the learning control applications. Effect of the network learning rate on the tracking performance and dynamic response of the system are investigated. Also, the ability of the neural network controllers to adapt to slow and sudden varying parameter disturbances and measurement noise is studied in detail.
Title: Learning in connectionist networks using the Alopex algorithm.
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Name(s): Venugopal, Kootala Pattath.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Pandya, Abhijit S., Thesis advisor
Sudhakar, Raghavan, Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1993
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 217 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: The Alopex algorithm is presented as a universal learning algorithm for connectionist models. It is shown that the Alopex procedure could be used efficiently as a supervised learning algorithm for such models. The algorithm is demonstrated successfully on a variety of network architectures. Such architectures include multilayer perceptrons, time-delay models, asymmetric, fully recurrent networks and memory neuron networks. The learning performance as well as the generation capability of the Alopex algorithm are compared with those of the backpropagation procedure, concerning a number of benchmark problems, and it is shown that the Alopex has specific advantages over the backpropagation. Two new architectures (gain layer schemes) are proposed for the on-line, direct adaptive control of dynamical systems using neural networks. The proposed schemes are shown to provide better dynamic response and tracking characteristics, than the other existing direct control schemes. A velocity reference scheme is introduced to improve the dynamic response of on-line learning controllers. The proposed learning algorithm and architectures are studied on three practical problems; (i) Classification of handwritten digits using Fourier Descriptors; (ii) Recognition of underwater targets from sonar returns, considering temporal dependencies of consecutive returns and (iii) On-line learning control of autonomous underwater vehicles, starting with random initial conditions. Detailed studies are conducted on the learning control applications. Effect of the network learning rate on the tracking performance and dynamic response of the system are investigated. Also, the ability of the neural network controllers to adapt to slow and sudden varying parameter disturbances and measurement noise is studied in detail.
Identifier: 12325 (digitool), FADT12325 (IID), fau:9227 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1993.
Subject(s): Computer algorithms
Computer networks
Neural networks (Computer science)
Machine learning
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12325
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.