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Neural network approach to Bayesian background modeling for video object segmentation

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Date Issued:
2006
Summary:
Object segmentation in a video sequence is an essential task in video processing and forms the foundation of content analysis, scene understanding, object-based video encoding (e.g. MPEG-4), various surveillance and 2D-to-pseudo-3D conversion applications. Popularization and availability of video sequences with increased spatial resolution requires development of new, more efficient algorithms for object detection and segmentation. This dissertation discusses a novel neural-network-based approach to background modeling for motion-based object segmentation in video sequences. In particular, we show how Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) architecture can be extended to form an unsupervised Bayesian classifier for the domain of video object segmentation. The constructed Background Modeling Neural Network (BNN) is capable of efficiently handling segmentation in natural-scene sequences with complex background motion and changes in illumination. The weights of the proposed neural network serve as an exclusive model of the background and are temporally updated to reflect the observed background statistics. The proposed approach is designed to enable an efficient, highly-parallelized hardware implementation. Such a system would be able to achieve real-time segmentation of high-resolution image sequences.
Title: Neural network approach to Bayesian background modeling for video object segmentation.
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Name(s): Culibrk, Dubravko.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Furht, Borko, Thesis advisor
Marques, Oge, Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 136 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Object segmentation in a video sequence is an essential task in video processing and forms the foundation of content analysis, scene understanding, object-based video encoding (e.g. MPEG-4), various surveillance and 2D-to-pseudo-3D conversion applications. Popularization and availability of video sequences with increased spatial resolution requires development of new, more efficient algorithms for object detection and segmentation. This dissertation discusses a novel neural-network-based approach to background modeling for motion-based object segmentation in video sequences. In particular, we show how Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) architecture can be extended to form an unsupervised Bayesian classifier for the domain of video object segmentation. The constructed Background Modeling Neural Network (BNN) is capable of efficiently handling segmentation in natural-scene sequences with complex background motion and changes in illumination. The weights of the proposed neural network serve as an exclusive model of the background and are temporally updated to reflect the observed background statistics. The proposed approach is designed to enable an efficient, highly-parallelized hardware implementation. Such a system would be able to achieve real-time segmentation of high-resolution image sequences.
Identifier: 9780542739422 (isbn), 12214 (digitool), FADT12214 (IID), fau:9121 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2006.
Subject(s): Neural networks (Computer science)
Application software--Development
Data structures (Computer science)
Bayesian field theory
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12214
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.