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Innovative video error resilient techniques for MBMS systems

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Date Issued:
2005
Summary:
In the current communications age, the capabilities of mobile devices are increasing. The mobiles are capable of communicating at data rates of hundreds of mbps on 4G networks. This enables playback of rich multimedia content comparable to internet and television networks. However, mobile networks need to be spectrum-efficient to be affordable to users. Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Systems (MBMS) is a wireless broadcasting standard that is being drafted to enable multimedia broadcast while focusing on being spectrum-efficient. The hybrid video coding techniques facilitate low bitrate transmission, but result in dependencies across frames. With a mobile environment being error prone, no error correction technique can guarantee error free transmission. Such errors propagate, resulting in quality degradation. With numerous mobiles sharing the broadcast session, any error resilient scheme should account for heterogeneous device capabilities and channel conditions. The current research on wireless video broadcasting focuses on network based techniques such as FEC and retransmissions, which add bandwidth overhead. There is a need to design innovative error resilient techniques that make video codec robust with minimal bandwidth overhead. This Dissertation introduces novel techniques in the area of MBMS systems. First, robust video structures are proposed in Periodic Intra Frame based Prediction (PIFBP) and Periodic Anchor Frame based Prediction (PAFBP) schemes. In these schemes, the Intra frames or anchor frames serve as reference frames for prediction during GOP period. The intermediate frames are independent of others; any errors in such frames are not propagated, thereby resulting in error resilience. In prior art, intra block rate is adapted based on the channel characteristics for error resilience. This scheme has been generalized in multicasting to address a group of users sharing the same session. Average packet loss is used to determine the intra block rate. This improves performance of the overall group and strives for consistent performance. Also, the inherent diversity in the broadcasting session can be used for its advantage. With mobile devices capable of accessing a WLAN during broadcast, they form an adhoc network on a WLAN to recover lost packets. New error recovery schemes are proposed for error recovery and their performance comparison is presented.
Title: Innovative video error resilient techniques for MBMS systems.
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Name(s): Sanigepalli, Praveen.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Kalva, Hari, Thesis advisor
Furht, Borko, Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 170 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: In the current communications age, the capabilities of mobile devices are increasing. The mobiles are capable of communicating at data rates of hundreds of mbps on 4G networks. This enables playback of rich multimedia content comparable to internet and television networks. However, mobile networks need to be spectrum-efficient to be affordable to users. Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Systems (MBMS) is a wireless broadcasting standard that is being drafted to enable multimedia broadcast while focusing on being spectrum-efficient. The hybrid video coding techniques facilitate low bitrate transmission, but result in dependencies across frames. With a mobile environment being error prone, no error correction technique can guarantee error free transmission. Such errors propagate, resulting in quality degradation. With numerous mobiles sharing the broadcast session, any error resilient scheme should account for heterogeneous device capabilities and channel conditions. The current research on wireless video broadcasting focuses on network based techniques such as FEC and retransmissions, which add bandwidth overhead. There is a need to design innovative error resilient techniques that make video codec robust with minimal bandwidth overhead. This Dissertation introduces novel techniques in the area of MBMS systems. First, robust video structures are proposed in Periodic Intra Frame based Prediction (PIFBP) and Periodic Anchor Frame based Prediction (PAFBP) schemes. In these schemes, the Intra frames or anchor frames serve as reference frames for prediction during GOP period. The intermediate frames are independent of others; any errors in such frames are not propagated, thereby resulting in error resilience. In prior art, intra block rate is adapted based on the channel characteristics for error resilience. This scheme has been generalized in multicasting to address a group of users sharing the same session. Average packet loss is used to determine the intra block rate. This improves performance of the overall group and strives for consistent performance. Also, the inherent diversity in the broadcasting session can be used for its advantage. With mobile devices capable of accessing a WLAN during broadcast, they form an adhoc network on a WLAN to recover lost packets. New error recovery schemes are proposed for error recovery and their performance comparison is presented.
Identifier: 9780542408762 (isbn), 12187 (digitool), FADT12187 (IID), fau:9094 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2005.
Subject(s): Wireless communication systems
Signal processing
Digital video
Multimedia systems
Digital communications
Data transmission systems
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12187
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.