You are here

Theoretical and experimental studies of multisensory integration as a coupled dynamical system

Download pdf | Full Screen View

Date Issued:
2005
Summary:
Perception and behavior are mediated by a widely distributed network of brain areas. Our main concern is, how do the components of the network interact in order to give us a variety of complex coordinated behavior? We first define the nodes of the network, termed functional units, as a strongly coupled ensemble of non-identical neurons and demonstrate that the dynamics of such an ensemble may be approximated by a low dimensional set of equations. The dynamics is studied in two different contexts, sensorimotor coordination and multisensory integration. First, we treat movement coupled to the environment as a driven functional unit. Our central hypothesis is that this coupling must be minimally parametric. We demonstrate the experimental validity of this hypothesis and propose a theoretical model that explains the results of our experiment. A second example of the dynamics of functional units is evident in the domain of multisensory integration. We employ a novel rhythmic multisensory paradigm designed to capture the temporal features of multisensory integration parametrically. The relevant parameters of our experiment are the inter-onset interval between pairs of rhythmically presented stimuli and the frequency of presentation. We partition the two dimensional parameter space using subjects perception of the stimulus sequence. The general features of the partitioning are modality independent suggesting that these features depend on the coupling between the unisensory subsystems. We develop a model with coupled functional units and suggest a candidate coupling scheme. In subsequent chapters we probe the neural correlates of multisensory integration using fMRI and EEG. The results of our fMRI experiment demonstrate that multisensory integration is mediated by a network consisting of primary sensory areas, inferior parietal lobule, prefrontal areas and the posterior midbrain. Different percepts lead to the recruitment of different areas and their disengagement for other percepts. In analyzing the EEG data, we first develop a mathematical framework that allows us to differentiate between sources activated for both unisensory and multisensory stimulation from those sources activated only for multisensory stimulation. Using this methodology we show that the influences of multisensory processing may be seen at an early (40--60 ms) stage of sensory processing.
Title: Theoretical and experimental studies of multisensory integration as a coupled dynamical system.
83 views
17 downloads
Name(s): Assisi, Collins G.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree Grantor
Kelso, J. A. Scott, Thesis Advisor
Jirsa, Viktor K., Thesis Advisor
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 156 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Perception and behavior are mediated by a widely distributed network of brain areas. Our main concern is, how do the components of the network interact in order to give us a variety of complex coordinated behavior? We first define the nodes of the network, termed functional units, as a strongly coupled ensemble of non-identical neurons and demonstrate that the dynamics of such an ensemble may be approximated by a low dimensional set of equations. The dynamics is studied in two different contexts, sensorimotor coordination and multisensory integration. First, we treat movement coupled to the environment as a driven functional unit. Our central hypothesis is that this coupling must be minimally parametric. We demonstrate the experimental validity of this hypothesis and propose a theoretical model that explains the results of our experiment. A second example of the dynamics of functional units is evident in the domain of multisensory integration. We employ a novel rhythmic multisensory paradigm designed to capture the temporal features of multisensory integration parametrically. The relevant parameters of our experiment are the inter-onset interval between pairs of rhythmically presented stimuli and the frequency of presentation. We partition the two dimensional parameter space using subjects perception of the stimulus sequence. The general features of the partitioning are modality independent suggesting that these features depend on the coupling between the unisensory subsystems. We develop a model with coupled functional units and suggest a candidate coupling scheme. In subsequent chapters we probe the neural correlates of multisensory integration using fMRI and EEG. The results of our fMRI experiment demonstrate that multisensory integration is mediated by a network consisting of primary sensory areas, inferior parietal lobule, prefrontal areas and the posterior midbrain. Different percepts lead to the recruitment of different areas and their disengagement for other percepts. In analyzing the EEG data, we first develop a mathematical framework that allows us to differentiate between sources activated for both unisensory and multisensory stimulation from those sources activated only for multisensory stimulation. Using this methodology we show that the influences of multisensory processing may be seen at an early (40--60 ms) stage of sensory processing.
Identifier: 9780542202582 (isbn), 12167 (digitool), FADT12167 (IID), fau:9074 (fedora)
Note(s): Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2005.
Subject(s): Intersensory effects
Perceptual-motor processes
Sensorimotor integration
Psychology, Comparative
Developmental neurobiology
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12167
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.