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MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF CRAFT DRIFT IN AN OCEAN ENVIRONMENT

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Date Issued:
1987
Summary:
A mathematical model, which accounts for the essential effects of environmental loads and vehicle characteristics from a fluid dynamics point of view, is developed to forecast the position of a craft drifting on the sea surface. The study is intended to provide a better understanding of the dynamics of drift and thus to provide a reliable model of drift prediction for use in future search and rescue mission. In the mathematical formulation, three degrees of freedom (surge, sway and yaw) of a craft are analyzed, since they play the most significant role in the drift prediction problem. The governing equations of motions are derived from Newton's law of dynamics and the environmental loads considered are the forces and moments exerted by wind, current and waves. The forces are analyzed in terms of drag, lift, and inertial forces. The moments are obtained by summing the contribution from the above forces. For the computation of the wind loads, the wind gradient as well as craft geometry is accounted for. In the current loads, profile, friction and propeller drags are included. The wave forces are computed by the use of wave spectral density. The formulation includes the effects of craft rotation as well as craft translation. A computer algorithm for the mathematical model is implemented to obtain the numerical result in the time domain. The model is verified by comparing its result with field measurements. For this purpose, a field test was carried out. The agreement between the computed and field measured drift path was excellent. The real time prediction capability of the model was ascertained.
Title: MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF CRAFT DRIFT IN AN OCEAN ENVIRONMENT.
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Name(s): KANG, SIN YOUNG.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Su, Tsung-Chow, Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1987
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 173 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: A mathematical model, which accounts for the essential effects of environmental loads and vehicle characteristics from a fluid dynamics point of view, is developed to forecast the position of a craft drifting on the sea surface. The study is intended to provide a better understanding of the dynamics of drift and thus to provide a reliable model of drift prediction for use in future search and rescue mission. In the mathematical formulation, three degrees of freedom (surge, sway and yaw) of a craft are analyzed, since they play the most significant role in the drift prediction problem. The governing equations of motions are derived from Newton's law of dynamics and the environmental loads considered are the forces and moments exerted by wind, current and waves. The forces are analyzed in terms of drag, lift, and inertial forces. The moments are obtained by summing the contribution from the above forces. For the computation of the wind loads, the wind gradient as well as craft geometry is accounted for. In the current loads, profile, friction and propeller drags are included. The wave forces are computed by the use of wave spectral density. The formulation includes the effects of craft rotation as well as craft translation. A computer algorithm for the mathematical model is implemented to obtain the numerical result in the time domain. The model is verified by comparing its result with field measurements. For this purpose, a field test was carried out. The agreement between the computed and field measured drift path was excellent. The real time prediction capability of the model was ascertained.
Identifier: 11894 (digitool), FADT11894 (IID), fau:8815 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1987.
Subject(s): Ships--Hydrodynamics--Mathematical models
Ocean waves
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/11894
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.