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EFFECTS OF SALTWATER INTRUSION ON THE COMPRESSIBILITY BEHAVIOR OF THE EVERGLADES SOILS

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Date Issued:
2021
Abstract/Description:
The Florida Everglades is considered as a vulnerable wetland composed primary of organic rich peat soils, experiencing saltwater intrusion. Impact of increasing salinity on the strength and deformation properties of peat is unknown. A laboratory study was undertaken to evaluate how the growing salinity level due to sea level rise may alter the compressibility behavior of the Everglades soils. Sixteen 1-dimensional oedometer tests were conducted on undisturbed Everglades peat soils in two phases. Phase I included samples from Site 1 (saltwater) and Site 3 (freshwater) without any salinity addition. Phase II consisted of soil from Site 3 (freshwater) saturated in six different levels of salinity artificially added to the samples. Compressibility properties investigated in this study include compression index (Cc), coefficient of consolidation (Cv), hydraulic conductivity (K), and the Ca/Cc ratio. In general, it was observed that the increase in salinity beyond a threshold value tends to increase the soil compressibility properties, indicating a possible reduction in soil stability with saltwater intrusion.
Title: EFFECTS OF SALTWATER INTRUSION ON THE COMPRESSIBILITY BEHAVIOR OF THE EVERGLADES SOILS.
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Name(s): Ribeiro, Camila, author
Sobhan, Khaled, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatics Engineering
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2021
Date Issued: 2021
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 120 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The Florida Everglades is considered as a vulnerable wetland composed primary of organic rich peat soils, experiencing saltwater intrusion. Impact of increasing salinity on the strength and deformation properties of peat is unknown. A laboratory study was undertaken to evaluate how the growing salinity level due to sea level rise may alter the compressibility behavior of the Everglades soils. Sixteen 1-dimensional oedometer tests were conducted on undisturbed Everglades peat soils in two phases. Phase I included samples from Site 1 (saltwater) and Site 3 (freshwater) without any salinity addition. Phase II consisted of soil from Site 3 (freshwater) saturated in six different levels of salinity artificially added to the samples. Compressibility properties investigated in this study include compression index (Cc), coefficient of consolidation (Cv), hydraulic conductivity (K), and the Ca/Cc ratio. In general, it was observed that the increase in salinity beyond a threshold value tends to increase the soil compressibility properties, indicating a possible reduction in soil stability with saltwater intrusion.
Identifier: FA00013783 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2021.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Everglades (Fla.)
Peat soils
Saltwater encroachment
Compressibility
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013783
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.