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EFFECT OF PROXIMITY TO FAILURE IN RESISTANCE TRAINING ON CIRCULATING LEVELS OF NEUROPROTECTIVE BIOMARKERS

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Date Issued:
2021
Abstract/Description:
This study examined the acute and chronic responses of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cathepsin B (CatB), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and if changes in these biomarkers were correlated during resistance training. Fourteen resistance trained men performed resistance training 3 days per week for 6 weeks in two groups. The only difference between groups was the proximity to failure of each set (4-6 repetitions in reserve or 1-3 repetitions in reserve). Serum was collected immediately before and after training on day 1 of weeks 1 and 6. There were no significant group interactions for any of the biomarkers assessed, there were no main effects for time (p>0.05), and no significant correlations were observed between any of the biomarkers. However, a significant main effect for exercise for BDNF (p=0.03) and IL-6 (p=0.003) was observed. For CatB, a significant exercise × time (p=0.002) interaction was observed, indicating differences in the acute change of CatB in week 6 (+15.78%; g=0.25) vs. week 1 (-7.46%; g=0.13). In summary, these results suggest that multi-joint resistance exercise far from failure can confer a BDNF response. This investigation is the first to demonstrate the potential for acute resistance exercise to elicit a transient increase in CatB.
Title: EFFECT OF PROXIMITY TO FAILURE IN RESISTANCE TRAINING ON CIRCULATING LEVELS OF NEUROPROTECTIVE BIOMARKERS.
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Name(s): Benitez, Brian, author
Zourdos, Michael C. , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Exercise Science and Health Promotion
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2021
Date Issued: 2021
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 66 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study examined the acute and chronic responses of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cathepsin B (CatB), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and if changes in these biomarkers were correlated during resistance training. Fourteen resistance trained men performed resistance training 3 days per week for 6 weeks in two groups. The only difference between groups was the proximity to failure of each set (4-6 repetitions in reserve or 1-3 repetitions in reserve). Serum was collected immediately before and after training on day 1 of weeks 1 and 6. There were no significant group interactions for any of the biomarkers assessed, there were no main effects for time (p>0.05), and no significant correlations were observed between any of the biomarkers. However, a significant main effect for exercise for BDNF (p=0.03) and IL-6 (p=0.003) was observed. For CatB, a significant exercise × time (p=0.002) interaction was observed, indicating differences in the acute change of CatB in week 6 (+15.78%; g=0.25) vs. week 1 (-7.46%; g=0.13). In summary, these results suggest that multi-joint resistance exercise far from failure can confer a BDNF response. This investigation is the first to demonstrate the potential for acute resistance exercise to elicit a transient increase in CatB.
Identifier: FA00013751 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2021.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Resistance Training
Neuroprotection
Biomarkers
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013751
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.