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GENOTYPIC SPERM SORTING: A less invasive “ART” to prevent Genetic Disorders in Newborns

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Date Issued:
2021
Abstract/Description:
Genetic disorders like Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and X-linked Diseases (XLD) are inherited by offspring from parents who are healthy carriers of the autosomal recessive or allosomal genes. About 10-million Americans are healthy carriers of a mutant cysticfibrosis gene (predominantly F508del) and about 4% of newborns are at risk of being born with an X-linked disease. The current clinically approved mitigation plan for preventing genetic disorders in newborns from “at-risk couples” is to consider Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Monogenetic diseases (PGT-M). PGT-M involves an invasive microsurgical procedure that requires the removal of cells from 3-5day old embryos. To minimize this invasiveness, we proposed a less invasive approach to prevent genetic disorders in newborns by genotypically sorting sperm cells which may be used for fertilization events (IUI/IVF/ICSI) with specially characterized antigens on the sperm surface membrane. For the disease models being adopted in our study – CF and XLD; we utilized certain monoclonal antibodies (mab) to target the H-Y male antigen and the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) protein which are both selectively expressed on the sperm surface.
Title: GENOTYPIC SPERM SORTING: A less invasive “ART” to prevent Genetic Disorders in Newborns.
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Name(s): Adenmosun, Olumide O. , author
Kumi-Diaka, James, Thesis advisor
Asghar, Waseem, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Biological Sciences
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2021
Date Issued: 2021
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 146 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Genetic disorders like Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and X-linked Diseases (XLD) are inherited by offspring from parents who are healthy carriers of the autosomal recessive or allosomal genes. About 10-million Americans are healthy carriers of a mutant cysticfibrosis gene (predominantly F508del) and about 4% of newborns are at risk of being born with an X-linked disease. The current clinically approved mitigation plan for preventing genetic disorders in newborns from “at-risk couples” is to consider Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Monogenetic diseases (PGT-M). PGT-M involves an invasive microsurgical procedure that requires the removal of cells from 3-5day old embryos. To minimize this invasiveness, we proposed a less invasive approach to prevent genetic disorders in newborns by genotypically sorting sperm cells which may be used for fertilization events (IUI/IVF/ICSI) with specially characterized antigens on the sperm surface membrane. For the disease models being adopted in our study – CF and XLD; we utilized certain monoclonal antibodies (mab) to target the H-Y male antigen and the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) protein which are both selectively expressed on the sperm surface.
Identifier: FA00013805 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2021.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Genetic disorders--Prevention
Genetic Testing
Reproductive technology
Cystic fibrosis
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013805
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.