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EFFECTS OF WET SEASON HYDRO-PATTERN ON CRAYFISH (PROCAMBARUS FALLAX) POPULATION DENSITY AND JUVENILE MORTALITY RISK

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Date Issued:
2021
Summary:
Distribution and abundance of water impacts population dynamics and habitat structure within a wetland ecosystem. It is known that drought can interfere with trophic dynamics and temporarily free crayfish from the threat of predation by population limiting fish predators in seasonal freshwater wetlands. Less is known about wet season water depths, and their effect on predator prey interactions. In order to address this, I conducted a two-and-a-half-year study in which I experimentally manipulated the wet season water depth in four 8 ha replicate wetlands of the central Everglades, allowing two wetlands to be flooded as natural rainfall patterns would allow (unconstrained hydro-pattern) and two wetlands to experience a constrained hydro-pattern in which the maximum depths to which they were flooded was limited. I discovered that crayfish, small marsh fish, and large bodied predatory fish populations were unaffected by the water depth difference between the hydro-pattern treatments. Unlike fauna, flora did respond to the hydro-pattern treatments with stem densities increasing in the wetlands under the constrained hydro-pattern treatment.
Title: EFFECTS OF WET SEASON HYDRO-PATTERN ON CRAYFISH (PROCAMBARUS FALLAX) POPULATION DENSITY AND JUVENILE MORTALITY RISK.
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Name(s): Sommer, Jeffrey L., author
Dorn, Nathan J., Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Environmental Sciences
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2021
Date Issued: 2021
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 111p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Distribution and abundance of water impacts population dynamics and habitat structure within a wetland ecosystem. It is known that drought can interfere with trophic dynamics and temporarily free crayfish from the threat of predation by population limiting fish predators in seasonal freshwater wetlands. Less is known about wet season water depths, and their effect on predator prey interactions. In order to address this, I conducted a two-and-a-half-year study in which I experimentally manipulated the wet season water depth in four 8 ha replicate wetlands of the central Everglades, allowing two wetlands to be flooded as natural rainfall patterns would allow (unconstrained hydro-pattern) and two wetlands to experience a constrained hydro-pattern in which the maximum depths to which they were flooded was limited. I discovered that crayfish, small marsh fish, and large bodied predatory fish populations were unaffected by the water depth difference between the hydro-pattern treatments. Unlike fauna, flora did respond to the hydro-pattern treatments with stem densities increasing in the wetlands under the constrained hydro-pattern treatment.
Identifier: FA00013738 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (MS)--Florida Atlantic University, 2021.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Crayfish
Procambarus
Wetland ecology
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013738
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.