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IMPLEMENTATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE REPUTATION-BASED MINING PARADIGM BY A COMPREHENSIVE SIMULATION

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Date Issued:
2021
Summary:
Since the introduction of Bitcoin, numerous studies on Bitcoin mining attacks have been conducted, and as a result, many countermeasures to these attacks have been proposed. The reputation-based mining paradigm is a comprehensive countermeasure solution to this problem with the goal of regulating the mining process and preventing mining attacks. This is accomplished by incentivizing miners to avoid dishonest mining strategies using reward and punishment mechanisms. This model was validated solely based on game theoretical analyses and the real-world implications of this model are not known due to the lack of empirical data. To shed light on this issue, we designed a simulated mining platform to examine the effectiveness of the reputation-based mining paradigm through data analysis. We implemented block withholding attacks in our simulation and ran the following three scenarios: Reputation mode, non-reputation mode, and no attack mode. By comparing the results from these three scenarios, interestingly we found that the reputation-based mining paradigm decreases the number of block withholding attacks, and as a result, the actual revenue of individual miners becomes closer to their theoretical expected revenue. In addition, we observed that the confidence interval test can effectively detect block withholding attacks however, the test also results in a small number of false positive cases. Since the effectiveness of the reputation-based model relies on attack detection, further research is needed to investigate the effect of this model on other dishonest mining strategies.
Title: IMPLEMENTATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE REPUTATION-BASED MINING PARADIGM BY A COMPREHENSIVE SIMULATION.
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Name(s): Pourtahmasbi, Pouya, author
Nojoumian, Mehrdad, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2021
Date Issued: 2021
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 78 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Since the introduction of Bitcoin, numerous studies on Bitcoin mining attacks have been conducted, and as a result, many countermeasures to these attacks have been proposed. The reputation-based mining paradigm is a comprehensive countermeasure solution to this problem with the goal of regulating the mining process and preventing mining attacks. This is accomplished by incentivizing miners to avoid dishonest mining strategies using reward and punishment mechanisms. This model was validated solely based on game theoretical analyses and the real-world implications of this model are not known due to the lack of empirical data. To shed light on this issue, we designed a simulated mining platform to examine the effectiveness of the reputation-based mining paradigm through data analysis. We implemented block withholding attacks in our simulation and ran the following three scenarios: Reputation mode, non-reputation mode, and no attack mode. By comparing the results from these three scenarios, interestingly we found that the reputation-based mining paradigm decreases the number of block withholding attacks, and as a result, the actual revenue of individual miners becomes closer to their theoretical expected revenue. In addition, we observed that the confidence interval test can effectively detect block withholding attacks however, the test also results in a small number of false positive cases. Since the effectiveness of the reputation-based model relies on attack detection, further research is needed to investigate the effect of this model on other dishonest mining strategies.
Identifier: FA00013730 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (MS)--Florida Atlantic University, 2021.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Cryptocurrencies
Bitcoin
Blockchains (Databases)
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013730
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.