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THE EFFECT OF LANE CHANGE VOLATILITY ON REAL TIME ACCIDENT PREDICTION

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Date Issued:
2019
Abstract/Description:
According to a March 2019 publication by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration(NHTSA), 62% of all police-reported accidents in the United States between 2011 and 2015 could have been prevented or mitigated with the use of five groups of collision avoidance technologies in passenger vehicles: (1) forward collision prevention, (2) lane keeping, (3) blind zone detection, (4) forward pedestrian impact, and (5) backing collision avoidance. These technologies work mostly by reducing or removing the risks involved in a lane change maneuver; yet, the Broward transportation management system does not directly address these risk. Therefore, we are proposing a Machine Learning based approach to real-time accident prediction for Broward I-95 using the C5.1 Decision Tree and the Multi-Layer Perceptron Neural Network to address them. To do this, we design a new measure of volatility, Lane Change Volatility(LCV), which measures the potential for a lane change in a segment of the highway. Our research found that LCV is an important predictor of accidents in an exit zone and when considered in tandem with current system variable, such as lighting conditions, the machine learning classifiers are able to predict accidents in the exit zone with an accuracy rate of over 98%.
Title: THE EFFECT OF LANE CHANGE VOLATILITY ON REAL TIME ACCIDENT PREDICTION.
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Name(s): Tesheira, Hamilton , author
Mahgoub, Imad , Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2019
Date Issued: 2019
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 66 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: According to a March 2019 publication by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration(NHTSA), 62% of all police-reported accidents in the United States between 2011 and 2015 could have been prevented or mitigated with the use of five groups of collision avoidance technologies in passenger vehicles: (1) forward collision prevention, (2) lane keeping, (3) blind zone detection, (4) forward pedestrian impact, and (5) backing collision avoidance. These technologies work mostly by reducing or removing the risks involved in a lane change maneuver; yet, the Broward transportation management system does not directly address these risk. Therefore, we are proposing a Machine Learning based approach to real-time accident prediction for Broward I-95 using the C5.1 Decision Tree and the Multi-Layer Perceptron Neural Network to address them. To do this, we design a new measure of volatility, Lane Change Volatility(LCV), which measures the potential for a lane change in a segment of the highway. Our research found that LCV is an important predictor of accidents in an exit zone and when considered in tandem with current system variable, such as lighting conditions, the machine learning classifiers are able to predict accidents in the exit zone with an accuracy rate of over 98%.
Identifier: FA00013420 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2019.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Traffic accidents
Traffic accidents--Forecasting
Automobile driving--Lane changing
Perceptrons
Neural networks (Computer science)
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013420
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.