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Emission characteristics of a liquid spray sudden expansion combustor using computational fluid dynamics

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Date Issued:
2013
Summary:
A sudden expansion combustor (SUE) is analyzed using computation fluid dynamics (CFD). CO emissions and NOx emissions are computed for various operating conditions of the SUE combustor using a can type and an annular type geometrical configurations. The goal of this thesis is to see if the SUE combustor is a viable alternative to conventional combustors which utilize swirlers. It is found that for the can type combustor the NOx emissions were quite low compared to other combustor types but the CO emissions were fairly high. The annular combustor shows better CO emissions compared to the can type, but the CO emissions are still high compared to other combustors. Emissions can be improved by providing better mixing in the primary combustion zone. The SUE combustor design needs to be further refined in order for it to be a viable alternative to conventional combustors with swirlers.
Title: Emission characteristics of a liquid spray sudden expansion combustor using computational fluid dynamics.
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Name(s): Rodriguez, Daniel
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Issued: 2013
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xi, 97 p. : ill. (some col.)
Language(s): English
Summary: A sudden expansion combustor (SUE) is analyzed using computation fluid dynamics (CFD). CO emissions and NOx emissions are computed for various operating conditions of the SUE combustor using a can type and an annular type geometrical configurations. The goal of this thesis is to see if the SUE combustor is a viable alternative to conventional combustors which utilize swirlers. It is found that for the can type combustor the NOx emissions were quite low compared to other combustor types but the CO emissions were fairly high. The annular combustor shows better CO emissions compared to the can type, but the CO emissions are still high compared to other combustors. Emissions can be improved by providing better mixing in the primary combustion zone. The SUE combustor design needs to be further refined in order for it to be a viable alternative to conventional combustors with swirlers.
Identifier: 863701997 (oclc), 3362574 (digitool), FADT3362574 (IID), fau:4221 (fedora)
Note(s): by Daniel Rodriguez.
Thesis (M.S.C.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2013.
Includes bibliography.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: Adobe Reader.
Subject(s): Fluid dynamics -- Data processing
Fluid dynamics -- Mathematical models
Computational fluid dynamics
Diffusers -- Fluid dynamics
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/3362574
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU