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INITIATION AND PROPAGATION OF CORROSION IN DRY-CAST REINFORCED CONCRETE PIPES WITH ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

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Date Issued:
2019
Abstract/Description:
This research was conducted to better understand the corrosion propagation stage on dry-cast reinforced concrete pipes (DCRCPs) while exposed to high moisture conditions and chlorides. Corrosion initiation and propagation were studied in instrumented specimens obtained from segments of dry-cast reinforced concrete pipes. All specimens were subjected to accelerated chloride transport by the application of an electric field. Corrosion of the steel wire mesh initiated after a few days to a few months rather than several years. The specimens were then transferred to high moisture environments (immersed in water, high humidity and/or covered with wet sand) during the corrosion propagation stage. Reinforcement potentials, linear polarization resistance (LPR) and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were carried out periodically. During the propagation stage in different exposures, reinforcement eventually reached negative potentials values (< –-0.55 Vsce), which suggest mass transfer limitations. These specimens showed no visual signs of corrosion such as cracks or corrosion products except the ones exposed to high humidity and laboratory environments; where some corrosion products have reached the concrete surface. Moreover, the apparent corrosion rate values obtained suggest high corrosion rates. No crack appearance on specimens exposed to other conditions could be explained by the porosity of the specimens; the corrosion products moved into saturated pores. It is speculated that although there might be mass transfer limitations present, the current demanded by the anode is being balanced by a larger cathode area due to macrocell effects since the high moisture conditions likely reduced the concrete resistivity and increased the throwing power. The corrected polarization resistance (Rc) was calculated by subtracting the solution resistance from the apparent polarization resistance measured. The Rc values measured over time were used to obtain the calculated mass loss (using Faraday’s Law). Most specimens were forensically analyzed and the measured mass loss compared to the calculated mass loss. The forensic examination includes the measurement of the actual corroding areas. The measured corroding areas were used to obtain corrosion current density (icorr) values. A comparison was made of the calculated corrosion current densities obtained using the linear polarization resistance method (LPR) and the extrapolation method from cyclic polarization tests. It was evident that most of the specimens’ corrosion rates were significantly high. The corrosion products filled the wet-pores inside the concrete and provide an explanation for no cracks or corrosion bleed outs being visually observed on the specimens.
Title: INITIATION AND PROPAGATION OF CORROSION IN DRY-CAST REINFORCED CONCRETE PIPES WITH ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS .
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Name(s): Balasubramanian, Hariharan , author
Presuel-Moreno, Francisco, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2019
Date Issued: 2019
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 146 p.
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This research was conducted to better understand the corrosion propagation stage on dry-cast reinforced concrete pipes (DCRCPs) while exposed to high moisture conditions and chlorides. Corrosion initiation and propagation were studied in instrumented specimens obtained from segments of dry-cast reinforced concrete pipes. All specimens were subjected to accelerated chloride transport by the application of an electric field. Corrosion of the steel wire mesh initiated after a few days to a few months rather than several years. The specimens were then transferred to high moisture environments (immersed in water, high humidity and/or covered with wet sand) during the corrosion propagation stage. Reinforcement potentials, linear polarization resistance (LPR) and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were carried out periodically. During the propagation stage in different exposures, reinforcement eventually reached negative potentials values (< –-0.55 Vsce), which suggest mass transfer limitations. These specimens showed no visual signs of corrosion such as cracks or corrosion products except the ones exposed to high humidity and laboratory environments; where some corrosion products have reached the concrete surface. Moreover, the apparent corrosion rate values obtained suggest high corrosion rates. No crack appearance on specimens exposed to other conditions could be explained by the porosity of the specimens; the corrosion products moved into saturated pores. It is speculated that although there might be mass transfer limitations present, the current demanded by the anode is being balanced by a larger cathode area due to macrocell effects since the high moisture conditions likely reduced the concrete resistivity and increased the throwing power. The corrected polarization resistance (Rc) was calculated by subtracting the solution resistance from the apparent polarization resistance measured. The Rc values measured over time were used to obtain the calculated mass loss (using Faraday’s Law). Most specimens were forensically analyzed and the measured mass loss compared to the calculated mass loss. The forensic examination includes the measurement of the actual corroding areas. The measured corroding areas were used to obtain corrosion current density (icorr) values. A comparison was made of the calculated corrosion current densities obtained using the linear polarization resistance method (LPR) and the extrapolation method from cyclic polarization tests. It was evident that most of the specimens’ corrosion rates were significantly high. The corrosion products filled the wet-pores inside the concrete and provide an explanation for no cracks or corrosion bleed outs being visually observed on the specimens.
Identifier: FA00013182 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2019.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Reinforced concrete
Corrosion
Environmental effects
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00013182
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.