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Statistical and Entropy Considerations for Ultrasound Tissue Characterization

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Date Issued:
2017
Summary:
Modern cancerous tumor diagnostics is nearly impossible without invasive methods, such as biopsy, that may require involved surgical procedures. In recent years some work has been done to develop alternative non-invasive methods of medical diagnostics. For this purpose, the data obtained from an ultrasound image of the body crosssection, has been analyzed using statistical models, including Rayleigh, Rice, Nakagami, and K statistical distributions. The homodyned-K (H-K) distribution has been found to be a good statistical tool to analyze the envelope and/or the intensity of backscattered signal in ultrasound tissue characterization. However, its use has usually been limited due to the fact that its probability density function (PDF) is not available in closed-form. In this work we present a novel closed-form representation for the H-K distribution. In addition, we propose using the first order approximation of the H-K distribution, the I-K distribution that has a closed-form, for the ultrasound tissue characterization applications. More specifically, we show that some tissue conditions that cause the backscattered signal to have low effective density values, can be successfully modeled by the I-K PDF. We introduce the concept of using H-K PDF-based and I-K PDF-based entropies as additional tools for characterization of ultrasonic breast tissue images. The entropy may be used as a goodness of fit measure that allows to select a better-fitting statistical model for a specific data set. In addition, the values of the entropies as well as the values of the statistical distribution parameters, allow for more accurate classification of tumors.
Title: Statistical and Entropy Considerations for Ultrasound Tissue Characterization.
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Name(s): Navumenka, Khrystsina, author
Aalo, Valentine A., Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2017
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 130 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Modern cancerous tumor diagnostics is nearly impossible without invasive methods, such as biopsy, that may require involved surgical procedures. In recent years some work has been done to develop alternative non-invasive methods of medical diagnostics. For this purpose, the data obtained from an ultrasound image of the body crosssection, has been analyzed using statistical models, including Rayleigh, Rice, Nakagami, and K statistical distributions. The homodyned-K (H-K) distribution has been found to be a good statistical tool to analyze the envelope and/or the intensity of backscattered signal in ultrasound tissue characterization. However, its use has usually been limited due to the fact that its probability density function (PDF) is not available in closed-form. In this work we present a novel closed-form representation for the H-K distribution. In addition, we propose using the first order approximation of the H-K distribution, the I-K distribution that has a closed-form, for the ultrasound tissue characterization applications. More specifically, we show that some tissue conditions that cause the backscattered signal to have low effective density values, can be successfully modeled by the I-K PDF. We introduce the concept of using H-K PDF-based and I-K PDF-based entropies as additional tools for characterization of ultrasonic breast tissue images. The entropy may be used as a goodness of fit measure that allows to select a better-fitting statistical model for a specific data set. In addition, the values of the entropies as well as the values of the statistical distribution parameters, allow for more accurate classification of tumors.
Identifier: FA00004922 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2017.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Ultrasonics in medicine.
Artificial intelligence.
Computer vision in medicine.
Diagnostic ultrasonic imaging.
Bioinformatics.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004922
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004922
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.