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Smart Broadcast Protocol Design For Vehicular Ad hoc Networks

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Date Issued:
2017
Summary:
Multi-hop broadcast is one of the main approaches to disseminate data in VANET. Therefore, it is important to design a reliable multi-hop broadcast protocol, which satis es both reachability and bandwidth consumption requirements. In a dense network, where vehicles are very close to each other, the number of vehicles needed to rebroadcast the message should be small enough to avoid a broad- cast storm, but large enough to meet the reachability requirement. If the network is sparse, a higher number of vehicles is needed to retransmit to provide a higher reachability level. So, it is obvious that there is a tradeo between reachability and bandwidth consumption. In this work, considering the above mentioned challenges, we design a number of smart broadcast protocols and evaluate their performance in various network den- sity scenarios. We use fuzzy logic technique to determine the quali cation of vehicles to be forwarders, resulting in reachability enhancement. Then we design a band- width e cient fuzzy logic-assisted broadcast protocol which aggressively suppresses the number of retransmissions. We also propose an intelligent hybrid protocol adapts to local network density. In order to avoid packet collisions and enhance reachability, we design a cross layer statistical broadcast protocol, in which the contention window size is adjusted based on the local density information. We look into the multi-hop broadcast problem with an environment based on game theory. In this scenario, vehicles are players and their strategy is either to volunteer and rebroadcast the received message or defect and wait for others to rebroadcast. We introduce a volunteer dilemma game inspired broadcast scheme to estimate the probability of forwarding for the set of potential forwarding vehicles. In this scheme we also introduce a fuzzy logic-based contention window size adjustment system. Finally, based on the estimated spatial distribution of vehicles, we design a transmission range adaptive scheme with a fuzzy logic-assisted contention window size system, in which a bloom lter method is used to mitigate overhead. Extensive experimental work is obtained using simulation tools to evaluate the performance of the proposed schemes. The results con rm the relative advantages of the proposed protocols for di erent density scenarios.
Title: Smart Broadcast Protocol Design For Vehicular Ad hoc Networks.
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Name(s): Limouchi, Elnaz, author
Mahgoub, Imad, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2017
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 142 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Multi-hop broadcast is one of the main approaches to disseminate data in VANET. Therefore, it is important to design a reliable multi-hop broadcast protocol, which satis es both reachability and bandwidth consumption requirements. In a dense network, where vehicles are very close to each other, the number of vehicles needed to rebroadcast the message should be small enough to avoid a broad- cast storm, but large enough to meet the reachability requirement. If the network is sparse, a higher number of vehicles is needed to retransmit to provide a higher reachability level. So, it is obvious that there is a tradeo between reachability and bandwidth consumption. In this work, considering the above mentioned challenges, we design a number of smart broadcast protocols and evaluate their performance in various network den- sity scenarios. We use fuzzy logic technique to determine the quali cation of vehicles to be forwarders, resulting in reachability enhancement. Then we design a band- width e cient fuzzy logic-assisted broadcast protocol which aggressively suppresses the number of retransmissions. We also propose an intelligent hybrid protocol adapts to local network density. In order to avoid packet collisions and enhance reachability, we design a cross layer statistical broadcast protocol, in which the contention window size is adjusted based on the local density information. We look into the multi-hop broadcast problem with an environment based on game theory. In this scenario, vehicles are players and their strategy is either to volunteer and rebroadcast the received message or defect and wait for others to rebroadcast. We introduce a volunteer dilemma game inspired broadcast scheme to estimate the probability of forwarding for the set of potential forwarding vehicles. In this scheme we also introduce a fuzzy logic-based contention window size adjustment system. Finally, based on the estimated spatial distribution of vehicles, we design a transmission range adaptive scheme with a fuzzy logic-assisted contention window size system, in which a bloom lter method is used to mitigate overhead. Extensive experimental work is obtained using simulation tools to evaluate the performance of the proposed schemes. The results con rm the relative advantages of the proposed protocols for di erent density scenarios.
Identifier: FA00004902 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2017.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Vehicular ad hoc networks (Computer networks)--Design and construction.
Mobile communication systems.
Wireless communication systems--Technological innovations.
Wireless sensor networks.
Routing protocols (Computer network protocols)
Computer algorithms.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004902
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004902
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.