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Gravitational signature of core-collapse supernova results of CHIMERA simulations

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Date Issued:
2011
Summary:
Core-collapse supernovae (CCSN) are among the most energetic explosions in the universe, liberating ~1053 erg of gravitational binding energy of the stellar core. Most of this energy ( ~99%) is emitted in neutrinos and only 1% is released as electromagnetic radiation in the visible spectrum. Energy radiated in the form of gravitational waves (GWs) is about five orders smaller. Nevertheless, this energy corresponds to a very strong GW signal and, because of this CCSN are considered as one of the prime sources of gravitational waves for interferometric detectors. Gravitational waves can give us access to the electromagnetically hidden compact inner core of supernovae. They will provide valuable information about the angular momentum distribution and the baryonic equation of state, both of which are uncertain. Furthermore, they might even help to constrain theoretically predicted SN mechanisms. Detection of GW signals and analysis of the observations will require realistic signal predi ctions from the non-parameterized relativistic numerical simulations of CCSN. This dissertation presents the gravitational wave signature of core-collapse v supernovae. Previous studies have considered either parametric models or nonexploding models of CCSN. This work presents complete waveforms, through the explosion phase, based on first-principles models for the first time. We performed 2D simulations of CCSN using the CHIMERA code for 12, 15, and 25M non-rotating progenitors. CHIMERA incorporates most of the criteria for realistic core-collapse modeling, such as multi-frequency neutrino transport coupled with relativistic hydrodynamics, eective GR potential, nuclear reaction network, and an industry-standard equation of state.
Title: Gravitational signature of core-collapse supernova results of CHIMERA simulations.
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Name(s): Yakunin, Konstantin.
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Physics
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Issued: 2011
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xv, 116 p. : ill. (some col.)
Language(s): English
Summary: Core-collapse supernovae (CCSN) are among the most energetic explosions in the universe, liberating ~1053 erg of gravitational binding energy of the stellar core. Most of this energy ( ~99%) is emitted in neutrinos and only 1% is released as electromagnetic radiation in the visible spectrum. Energy radiated in the form of gravitational waves (GWs) is about five orders smaller. Nevertheless, this energy corresponds to a very strong GW signal and, because of this CCSN are considered as one of the prime sources of gravitational waves for interferometric detectors. Gravitational waves can give us access to the electromagnetically hidden compact inner core of supernovae. They will provide valuable information about the angular momentum distribution and the baryonic equation of state, both of which are uncertain. Furthermore, they might even help to constrain theoretically predicted SN mechanisms. Detection of GW signals and analysis of the observations will require realistic signal predi ctions from the non-parameterized relativistic numerical simulations of CCSN. This dissertation presents the gravitational wave signature of core-collapse v supernovae. Previous studies have considered either parametric models or nonexploding models of CCSN. This work presents complete waveforms, through the explosion phase, based on first-principles models for the first time. We performed 2D simulations of CCSN using the CHIMERA code for 12, 15, and 25M non-rotating progenitors. CHIMERA incorporates most of the criteria for realistic core-collapse modeling, such as multi-frequency neutrino transport coupled with relativistic hydrodynamics, eective GR potential, nuclear reaction network, and an industry-standard equation of state.
Summary: Based on the results of our simulations, I produced the most realistic gravitational waveforms including all postbounce phases of core-collapse supernovae: the prompt convection, the stationary accretion shock instability, and the corresponding explosion. Additionally, the tracer particles applied in the analysis of the GW signal reveal the origin of low-frequency component in the prompt part of gravitational waveform. Analysis of detectability of the GW signature from a Galactic event shows that the signal is within the band-pass of current and future GW observatories such as AdvLIGO, advanced Virgo, and LCGT.
Identifier: 762145777 (oclc), 3322512 (digitool), FADT3322512 (IID), fau:3740 (fedora)
Note(s): by Konstantin Yakunin.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2011.
Includes bibliography.
Electronic reproduction. Boca Raton, Fla., 200?. Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Subject(s): Mathematical physics
Continuum mechanics
Supernovae -- Mathematical models
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/3322512
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU