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In search of MMP specific inhibitors

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Date Issued:
2009
Summary:
The tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are endogenous inhibitors of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Since unregulated MMP activities are linked to arthritis, cancer, and atherosclerosis, TIMP variants that are selective inhibitors of disease-related MMPs have potential therapeutic value. The structures of TIMP/MMP complexes reveal that most interactions with the MMP involve the N-terminal region of TIMP and the C-D B-strand connector which occupy the primed (right side of the active site) and unprimed (left side) regions of the active site. Substitutions for Thr2 of N-TIMP- 1 strongly influence MMP selectivity. In this study we found that Arg and Gly, which generally reduce MMP affinity, have less effect on binding to MMP-9. When the Arg mutation is added to the NTIMP-1 mutant with AB loop of TIMP-2, it produced a gelatinase-specific inhibitor with Ki values of 2.8 and 0.4 nM for MMP-2 and MMP-9, respectively. The Gly mutant has a Ki of 2.1 nM for MMP-9 and > 40 uM for MMP-2, indicating that engineered TIMPs can discriminate between MMPs in the same subfamily. In collaboration with Dr. Yingnan Zhang at Genentech, we have developed a protocol for the phage display of full-length human TIMP-2 to identify high-affinity selective inhibitors of human MMP-1, a protease that plays a role in cleaving extracellular matrix (ECM) components, connective tissue remodeling during development, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. We have generated a library containing 2x1010 variants of TIMP-2 randomized at residues 2-6 (L1), at residues 34-40 (L2) and 67-70 (L3).
Title: In search of MMP specific inhibitors: protein engineering of TIMPs.
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Name(s): Bahudhanapati, Harinathachari.
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Biomedical Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2009
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xvii, 157 p. : ill. (some col.)
Language(s): English
Summary: The tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are endogenous inhibitors of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Since unregulated MMP activities are linked to arthritis, cancer, and atherosclerosis, TIMP variants that are selective inhibitors of disease-related MMPs have potential therapeutic value. The structures of TIMP/MMP complexes reveal that most interactions with the MMP involve the N-terminal region of TIMP and the C-D B-strand connector which occupy the primed (right side of the active site) and unprimed (left side) regions of the active site. Substitutions for Thr2 of N-TIMP- 1 strongly influence MMP selectivity. In this study we found that Arg and Gly, which generally reduce MMP affinity, have less effect on binding to MMP-9. When the Arg mutation is added to the NTIMP-1 mutant with AB loop of TIMP-2, it produced a gelatinase-specific inhibitor with Ki values of 2.8 and 0.4 nM for MMP-2 and MMP-9, respectively. The Gly mutant has a Ki of 2.1 nM for MMP-9 and > 40 uM for MMP-2, indicating that engineered TIMPs can discriminate between MMPs in the same subfamily. In collaboration with Dr. Yingnan Zhang at Genentech, we have developed a protocol for the phage display of full-length human TIMP-2 to identify high-affinity selective inhibitors of human MMP-1, a protease that plays a role in cleaving extracellular matrix (ECM) components, connective tissue remodeling during development, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. We have generated a library containing 2x1010 variants of TIMP-2 randomized at residues 2-6 (L1), at residues 34-40 (L2) and 67-70 (L3).
Summary: The L1 library yielded a positive signal for MMP-1 binding. Clones from the L1 library, designated TM1, TM8, TM13, and TM14, were isolated after 5 rounds of selection on immobilized MMP-1 and MMP-3 and found to show a greater selectivity for MMP-1 relative to MMP-3. TM8, which has Ser2 to Asp and Ser4 to Ala substitutions, showed the greatest apparent selectivity of 10-fold toward MMP-1 compared to MMP-3. The various mutations identified by phage display were introduced into recombinant Nterminal TIMP-2 and the variants characterized as inhibitors of an array of MMP catalytic domains. The TM8-based mutant showed pronounced selectivity (> 1000-fold for MMP-1 vs. MMP-3) and may be a step towards the generation of MMP-1-specific inhibitors. Molecular modeling was used to rationalize the structural basis of MMP selectivity in the mutants.
Identifier: 430496014 (oclc), 221942 (digitool), FADT221942 (IID), fau:3447 (fedora)
Note(s): by Harinathachari Bahudhanapati.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2009.
Includes bibliography.
Electronic reproduction. Boca Raton, Fla., 2009. Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Subject(s): Metalloproteinases -- Inhibitors
Apoptosis
Extracellular matrix proteins
Proteolytic enzymes
Held by: FBoU FAUER
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/221942
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU