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Dynamics and Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Internal Actuators

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Date Issued:
2016
Summary:
This dissertation concerns the dynamics and control of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) which uses internal actuators to stabilize its horizontalplane motion. The demand for high-performance AUVs are growing in the field of ocean engineering due to increasing activities in ocean exploration and research. New generations of AUVs are expected to operate in harsh and complex ocean environments. We propose a hybrid design of an underwater vehicle which uses internal actuators instead of control surfaces to steer. When operating at low speeds or in relatively strong ocean currents, the performances of control surfaces will degrade. Internal actuators work independent of the relative ows, thus improving the maneuvering performance of the vehicle. We develop the mathematical model which describes the motion of an underwater vehicle in ocean currents from first principles. The equations of motion of a body-fluid dynamical system in an ideal fluid are derived using both Newton-Euler and Lagrangian formulations. The viscous effects of a real fluid are considered separately. We use a REMUS 100 AUV as the research model, and conduct CFD simulations to compute the viscous hydrodynamic coe cients with ANSYS Fluent. The simulation results show that the horizontal-plane motion of the vehicle is inherently unstable. The yaw moment exerted by the relative flow is destabilizing. The open-loop stabilities of the horizontal-plane motion of the vehicle in both ideal and real fluid are analyzed. In particular, the effects of a roll torque and a moving mass on the horizontal-plane motion are studied. The results illustrate that both the position and number of equilibrium points of the dynamical system are prone to the magnitude of the roll torque and the lateral position of the moving mass. We propose the design of using an internal moving mass to stabilize the horizontal-plane motion of the REMUS 100 AUV. A linear quadratic regulator (LQR) is designed to take advantage of both the linear momentum and lateral position of the internal moving mass to stabilize the heading angle of the vehicle. Alternatively, we introduce a tunnel thruster to the design, and use backstepping and Lyapunov redesign techniques to derive a nonlinear feedback control law to achieve autopilot. The coupling e ects between the closed-loop horizontal-plane and vertical-plane motions are also analyzed.
Title: Dynamics and Control of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles with Internal Actuators.
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Name(s): Li, Bo, author
Su, Tsung-Chow, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2016
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 278 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: This dissertation concerns the dynamics and control of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) which uses internal actuators to stabilize its horizontalplane motion. The demand for high-performance AUVs are growing in the field of ocean engineering due to increasing activities in ocean exploration and research. New generations of AUVs are expected to operate in harsh and complex ocean environments. We propose a hybrid design of an underwater vehicle which uses internal actuators instead of control surfaces to steer. When operating at low speeds or in relatively strong ocean currents, the performances of control surfaces will degrade. Internal actuators work independent of the relative ows, thus improving the maneuvering performance of the vehicle. We develop the mathematical model which describes the motion of an underwater vehicle in ocean currents from first principles. The equations of motion of a body-fluid dynamical system in an ideal fluid are derived using both Newton-Euler and Lagrangian formulations. The viscous effects of a real fluid are considered separately. We use a REMUS 100 AUV as the research model, and conduct CFD simulations to compute the viscous hydrodynamic coe cients with ANSYS Fluent. The simulation results show that the horizontal-plane motion of the vehicle is inherently unstable. The yaw moment exerted by the relative flow is destabilizing. The open-loop stabilities of the horizontal-plane motion of the vehicle in both ideal and real fluid are analyzed. In particular, the effects of a roll torque and a moving mass on the horizontal-plane motion are studied. The results illustrate that both the position and number of equilibrium points of the dynamical system are prone to the magnitude of the roll torque and the lateral position of the moving mass. We propose the design of using an internal moving mass to stabilize the horizontal-plane motion of the REMUS 100 AUV. A linear quadratic regulator (LQR) is designed to take advantage of both the linear momentum and lateral position of the internal moving mass to stabilize the heading angle of the vehicle. Alternatively, we introduce a tunnel thruster to the design, and use backstepping and Lyapunov redesign techniques to derive a nonlinear feedback control law to achieve autopilot. The coupling e ects between the closed-loop horizontal-plane and vertical-plane motions are also analyzed.
Identifier: FA00004738 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2016.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Dynamics.
Remote submersibles--Design and construction.
Ocean engineering.
Fluid dynamics.
Nonlinear control theory.
Differentiable dynamical systems.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004738
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004738
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.