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Sand Compositional Analysis Using a Combined Geological and Spectroscopic Approach

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Date Issued:
2016
Summary:
Many minerals, such as calcite and magnetite, show diagnostic overtone and combination bands in the 350-2500 nm window. Sand, though an important unconsolidated material with great abundance on the Earth’s surface, is largely overlooked in spectroscopic studies. Over 100 sand samples were analyzed through traditional microscopic methods and compared to spectral reflectance collected via an ASD Spectroradiometer. Multiple methods were chosen to compare spectroscopic data to sand composition and grain size: 1) existing spectral indices, 2) continuum removal, 3) derivative analysis, and 4) correlation analysis. Particular focus was given to carbonate content. Results from derivative and correlation analysis showed strong correlations in the 2180-2240 nm and 2300-2360 nm windows to carbonate content. Proposed here is the Normalized Difference Carbonate Sand Index (NDCSI), which showed Pearson correlations of r=-0.78 for light-colored samples and r=-0.77 for all samples used. This index is viable for use with carbonate-rich sands.
Title: Sand Compositional Analysis Using a Combined Geological and Spectroscopic Approach.
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Name(s): Smith, Molly E., author
Oleinik, Anton E., Thesis advisor
Zhang, Caiyun, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Geosciences
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2016
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 66 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Many minerals, such as calcite and magnetite, show diagnostic overtone and combination bands in the 350-2500 nm window. Sand, though an important unconsolidated material with great abundance on the Earth’s surface, is largely overlooked in spectroscopic studies. Over 100 sand samples were analyzed through traditional microscopic methods and compared to spectral reflectance collected via an ASD Spectroradiometer. Multiple methods were chosen to compare spectroscopic data to sand composition and grain size: 1) existing spectral indices, 2) continuum removal, 3) derivative analysis, and 4) correlation analysis. Particular focus was given to carbonate content. Results from derivative and correlation analysis showed strong correlations in the 2180-2240 nm and 2300-2360 nm windows to carbonate content. Proposed here is the Normalized Difference Carbonate Sand Index (NDCSI), which showed Pearson correlations of r=-0.78 for light-colored samples and r=-0.77 for all samples used. This index is viable for use with carbonate-rich sands.
Identifier: FA00004634 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2016.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Physical geology.
Environmental geology.
Coast changes--Analysis.
Beach erosion.
Sand--Optical properties.
Spectrophotometry.
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004634
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.