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A Lime Softening System for Individual-Household Use Powered through Solar Energy

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Date Issued:
2014
Summary:
In a study conducted by the World Health Organization WHO and United Nations Children’s Fund UNICEF, approximately 768 million people worldwide are not receiving sanitary drinking water suitable for consumption. The greatest levels of water contamination are within the less developed countries where individuals are unable to afford modern water treatment facilities. While there are many water treatment methods, lime softening proves to be one of the more effective approaches as it removes calcium, magnesium, arsenic, barium, beryllium, chromium, cooper, fluoride, lead, mercury, cadmium, nickel, uranium, radium, and radionuclides under the correct conditions. The US Environmental Protection Agency EPA has even defined lime softening as the best available technology BAT for removing uranium and radium. The issue with lime softening is that it is typically used for larger systems that serve whole communities. This project utilizes previous knowledge of lime softening to design a cost-efficient water clarification system with the ability to function on an individual-household basis while being powered by a solar unit. By condensing the system, we hope to make lime softening technology available for a wider spectrum of societies and expend the applications of lime softening.
Title: A Lime Softening System for Individual-Household Use Powered through Solar Energy.
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Name(s): Slater-Williams, Alexandria, author
Abtahi, Homayoon
Graduate College
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Poster
Date Created: 2014
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Florida
Physical Form: pdf
Extent: 1 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: In a study conducted by the World Health Organization WHO and United Nations Children’s Fund UNICEF, approximately 768 million people worldwide are not receiving sanitary drinking water suitable for consumption. The greatest levels of water contamination are within the less developed countries where individuals are unable to afford modern water treatment facilities. While there are many water treatment methods, lime softening proves to be one of the more effective approaches as it removes calcium, magnesium, arsenic, barium, beryllium, chromium, cooper, fluoride, lead, mercury, cadmium, nickel, uranium, radium, and radionuclides under the correct conditions. The US Environmental Protection Agency EPA has even defined lime softening as the best available technology BAT for removing uranium and radium. The issue with lime softening is that it is typically used for larger systems that serve whole communities. This project utilizes previous knowledge of lime softening to design a cost-efficient water clarification system with the ability to function on an individual-household basis while being powered by a solar unit. By condensing the system, we hope to make lime softening technology available for a wider spectrum of societies and expend the applications of lime softening.
Identifier: FA00005167 (IID)
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: FAU Digital Library
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00005167
Restrictions on Access: Author retains copyright.
Owner Institution: FAU