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Detection and classification of marine mammal sounds

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Date Issued:
2014
Summary:
Ocean is home to a large population of marine mammals such as dolphins and whales and concerns over anthropogenic activities in the regions close to their habitants have been increased. Therefore the ability to detect the presence of these species in the field, to analyze and classify their vocalization patterns for signs of distress and distortion of their communication calls will prove to be invaluable in protecting these species. The objective of this research is to investigate methods that automatically detect and classify vocalization patterns of marine mammals. The first work performed is the classification of bottlenose dolphin calls by type. The extraction of salient and distinguishing features from recordings is a major part of this endeavor. To this end, two strategies are evaluated with real datasets provided by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: The first strategy is to use contour-based features such as Time-Frequency Parameters and Fourier Descriptors and the second is to employ texture-based features such as Local Binary Patterns (LBP) and Gabor Wavelets. Once dolphin whistle features are extracted for spectrograms, selection of classification procedures is crucial to the success of the process. For this purpose, the performances of classifiers such as K-Nearest Neighbor, Support Vector Machine, and Sparse Representation Classifier (SRC) are assessed thoroughly, together with those of the underlined feature extractors.
Title: Detection and classification of marine mammal sounds.
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Name(s): Esfahanian, Mahdi, author
Zhuang, Hanqi, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2014
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 166 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Ocean is home to a large population of marine mammals such as dolphins and whales and concerns over anthropogenic activities in the regions close to their habitants have been increased. Therefore the ability to detect the presence of these species in the field, to analyze and classify their vocalization patterns for signs of distress and distortion of their communication calls will prove to be invaluable in protecting these species. The objective of this research is to investigate methods that automatically detect and classify vocalization patterns of marine mammals. The first work performed is the classification of bottlenose dolphin calls by type. The extraction of salient and distinguishing features from recordings is a major part of this endeavor. To this end, two strategies are evaluated with real datasets provided by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: The first strategy is to use contour-based features such as Time-Frequency Parameters and Fourier Descriptors and the second is to employ texture-based features such as Local Binary Patterns (LBP) and Gabor Wavelets. Once dolphin whistle features are extracted for spectrograms, selection of classification procedures is crucial to the success of the process. For this purpose, the performances of classifiers such as K-Nearest Neighbor, Support Vector Machine, and Sparse Representation Classifier (SRC) are assessed thoroughly, together with those of the underlined feature extractors.
Identifier: FA00004282 (IID)
Degree granted: Dissertation (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2014.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Acoustic phenomena in nature
Marine mammals -- Effect of noise on
Marine mammals -- Vocalization
Signal processing -- Mathematics
Underwater acoustics
Wavelets (Mathematics)
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004282
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004282
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.