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Mechanisms of protection against ischemic damage in the heart

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Date Issued:
2008
Summary:
Heart disease including ischemic heart disease is the highest contributor to death and morbidity in the western world. The studies presented were conducted to determine possible pathways of protection of the heart against ischemia/reperfusion. We employed adenovirus mediated over-expression of Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) in primary neonatal rat cardiac myocytes to determine the effect of this enzyme in protecting against hypoxia/reoxygenation. Cells transfected with MsrA encoding adenovirus and subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation exhibited a 45% decrease in apoptosis as compared to controls. Likewise total cell death as determined by levels of Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) release was dramatically decreased by MsrA overexpression. The initial hypothesis that led to our testing sulindac was based on the fact that the S epimer of sulindac was a substrate for MsrA and that this compound might function as a catalytic anti-oxidant based on a reaction cycle that involved reductio n to sulindac sulfide followed by oxidation back to sulindac. To test this we examined the protective effect of sulindac in hypoxia re-oxygenation in both cardiac myocytes in culture and using a Langendorff model of myocardial ischemia. Using this model of myocardial ischemia we showed that pre-incubation of hearts with sulindac, or the S and R epimers of sulindac resulted in protection against cell death. We present several lines of evidence that the protective effect of sulindac is not dependent on the Msr enzyme system nor does it involve the well established role of sulindac as a Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor. Numerous signaling pathways have been implicated in myocardial protective mechanisms, many of which require fluctuations in ROS levels as initiators or mediators.
Title: Mechanisms of protection against ischemic damage in the heart.
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Name(s): Moench, Ian
Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Department of Biological Sciences
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Issued: 2008
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Physical Form: electronic
Extent: xi, 72 p. : ill. (some col.).
Language(s): English
Summary: Heart disease including ischemic heart disease is the highest contributor to death and morbidity in the western world. The studies presented were conducted to determine possible pathways of protection of the heart against ischemia/reperfusion. We employed adenovirus mediated over-expression of Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) in primary neonatal rat cardiac myocytes to determine the effect of this enzyme in protecting against hypoxia/reoxygenation. Cells transfected with MsrA encoding adenovirus and subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation exhibited a 45% decrease in apoptosis as compared to controls. Likewise total cell death as determined by levels of Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) release was dramatically decreased by MsrA overexpression. The initial hypothesis that led to our testing sulindac was based on the fact that the S epimer of sulindac was a substrate for MsrA and that this compound might function as a catalytic anti-oxidant based on a reaction cycle that involved reductio n to sulindac sulfide followed by oxidation back to sulindac. To test this we examined the protective effect of sulindac in hypoxia re-oxygenation in both cardiac myocytes in culture and using a Langendorff model of myocardial ischemia. Using this model of myocardial ischemia we showed that pre-incubation of hearts with sulindac, or the S and R epimers of sulindac resulted in protection against cell death. We present several lines of evidence that the protective effect of sulindac is not dependent on the Msr enzyme system nor does it involve the well established role of sulindac as a Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor. Numerous signaling pathways have been implicated in myocardial protective mechanisms, many of which require fluctuations in ROS levels as initiators or mediators.
Summary: Sulindac shows very good potential as a preconditioning agent that could induce tissue protection against oxidative damage.Blocking of preconditioning pathways by administration of the PKC blocker chelerythine abrogated the ischemic protection afforded by sulindac. Secondly, an end-effector of preconditioning, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS),was found to be induced by greater than 5 fold after 48 h prior feeding sulindac.
Identifier: 317620736 (oclc), 186291 (digitool), FADT186291 (IID), fau:2858 (fedora)
Note(s): by Ian Moench.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2008.
Includes bibliography.
Electronic reproduction. Boca Raton, Fla., 2008. Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Subject(s): Biochemical markers -- Diagnostic use
Cardiovascular system -- Diseases -- Diagnosis
Heart -- Diseases -- Molecular aspects
Medical care -- United States -- Quality control
Coronary heart disease -- Prevention
Apoptosis
Myocardial infarction -- Prevention
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/FAU/186291
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU