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Interpersonal engagement in social perception: the consequences of getting into the action

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Date Issued:
Title: Interpersonal engagement in social perception: the consequences of getting into the action.
Name(s): Knight, Jeffrey A., creator
Vallacher, Robin R., creator
Type of Resource: text
Date Issued: 1981
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Physical Description: text/pdf[11p]
Language(s): English
Identifier: 2796496 (digitool), FADT2796496 (IID), fau:2645 (fedora)
FAU Department/College: Department of Psychology Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Note(s): This study examined the effects on person perception of varying levels of observer-actor engagement. Subjects observed a male actor (confederate) responding to interview questions on a prerecorded videotape under three conditions of interpersonal engagement. Subjects in a detachment condition knew that they were simply observing a tape; subjects in an anticipated interaction condition knew that they were observing a tape but expected to interact subsequently with the actor; subjects in an actual interaction condition thought that they were interacting with the actor over a video hook-up. Half of the subjects in these conditions observed the actor preface his responses with a positive comment regarding the interviewer's question (positive actor); the other half observed the actor preface his responses with a negative comment (negative actor). It was predicted that anticipated interaction observers would demonstrate hopefulness by attributing the positive actor's behavior dispositionally and the negative actor's behavior situationally but that actual interaction observers would show the opposite causal attribution pattern in an attempt to protect or enhance their own self-esteem. Results confirmed these predictions.
This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. The final published version is available online at and may be cited as Knight, Jeffrey A., Robin R. Vallacher (1981) Interpersonal Engagement in Social Perception: The Consequences of Getting into the Action, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 40(6): 990‐999
Subject(s): Social interaction.
Social psychology.
Persistent Link to This Record:
Restrictions on Access: ©1981 American Psychological Association.
Host Institution: FAU

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