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Spectral evaluation of motion compensated adv systems for ocean turbulence measurements

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Date Issued:
2014
Summary:
A motion compensated ADV system was evaluated to determine its ability to make measurements necessary for characterizing the variability of the ambient current in the Gulf Stream. The impact of IMU error relative to predicted turbulence spectra was quantified, as well as and the ability of the motion compensation approach to remove sensor motion from the ADV measurements. The presented data processing techniques are shown to allow the evaluated ADV to be effectively utilized for quantifying ambient current fluctuations from 0.02 to 1 Hz (50 to 1 seconds) for dissipation rates as low as 3x10-7. This measurement range is limited on the low frequency end by IMU error, primarily by the calculated transformation matrix, and on the high end by Doppler noise. Inshore testing has revealed a 0.37 Hz oscillation inherent in the towfish designed and manufactured as part of this project, which can nearly be removed using the IMU.
Title: Spectral evaluation of motion compensated adv systems for ocean turbulence measurements.
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Name(s): Egeland, Matthew Nicklas, author
von Ellenrieder, Karl, Thesis advisor
VanZwieten, James H., Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2014
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 91 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: A motion compensated ADV system was evaluated to determine its ability to make measurements necessary for characterizing the variability of the ambient current in the Gulf Stream. The impact of IMU error relative to predicted turbulence spectra was quantified, as well as and the ability of the motion compensation approach to remove sensor motion from the ADV measurements. The presented data processing techniques are shown to allow the evaluated ADV to be effectively utilized for quantifying ambient current fluctuations from 0.02 to 1 Hz (50 to 1 seconds) for dissipation rates as low as 3x10-7. This measurement range is limited on the low frequency end by IMU error, primarily by the calculated transformation matrix, and on the high end by Doppler noise. Inshore testing has revealed a 0.37 Hz oscillation inherent in the towfish designed and manufactured as part of this project, which can nearly be removed using the IMU.
Identifier: FA00004191 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2014.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Fluid dynamic measurements
Fluid mechanics -- Mathematical models
Motion control systems
Ocean atmosphere interaction
Ocean circulation
Turbulence
Wave motion, Theory of
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004191
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004191
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Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.