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Hydrodynamic analysis of underwater bodies for efficient station keeping in shallow waters with surface waves

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Date Issued:
2014
Summary:
To determine the effect of body shape on the response of underwater vehicles to surface waves in shallow water, the wave radiation hydrodynamic forces are evaluated for a family of (i) prolate spheroidal hull forms and (ii) cylindrical bodies with hemispherical nose and conical tail sections by systematically varying the geometric parameters but keeping displacement constant. The added-mass and wave damping coefficients are determined using a frequency-domain, simple-source based boundary integral method. Results are obtained for a range of wave frequencies and depths of vehicle submergence all for a fixed water depth of 10 m. With the wave exciting force and moment determined using the Froude-Krylov theory, the response transfer functions for heave and pitch are then determined. The heave and pitch response spectra in actual littoral seas are then determined with the sea state modeled using TMA spectral relations. Results show that vehicle slenderness is a key factor affecting the hydrodynamic coefficients and response. The results show two characteristics that increase the radiation hydrodynamic forces corresponding to heave and pitch motions: namely, vehicle length and further-away from mid-vehicle location of the body shoulder. The opposite is true for the oscillatory surge motion. By utilizing these observed characteristics, one can design the lines for maximum radiation forces and consequently minimum hull response for the critical modes of rigid-body motion in given waters and vehicle missions. In the studies carried out in the thesis, a hull with a long parallel middle body with hemispherical nose and conical tail sections has better heave and pitch response characteristics compared prolate spheroid geometry of same volume. The methodology developed herein, which is computationally efficient, can be used to determine optimal hull geometry for minimal passive vehicle response in a given sea.
Title: Hydrodynamic analysis of underwater bodies for efficient station keeping in shallow waters with surface waves.
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Name(s): Bradley, Matthew, author
Ananthakrishnan, Palaniswamy, Thesis advisor
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Date Created: 2014
Date Issued: 2014
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 100 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: To determine the effect of body shape on the response of underwater vehicles to surface waves in shallow water, the wave radiation hydrodynamic forces are evaluated for a family of (i) prolate spheroidal hull forms and (ii) cylindrical bodies with hemispherical nose and conical tail sections by systematically varying the geometric parameters but keeping displacement constant. The added-mass and wave damping coefficients are determined using a frequency-domain, simple-source based boundary integral method. Results are obtained for a range of wave frequencies and depths of vehicle submergence all for a fixed water depth of 10 m. With the wave exciting force and moment determined using the Froude-Krylov theory, the response transfer functions for heave and pitch are then determined. The heave and pitch response spectra in actual littoral seas are then determined with the sea state modeled using TMA spectral relations. Results show that vehicle slenderness is a key factor affecting the hydrodynamic coefficients and response. The results show two characteristics that increase the radiation hydrodynamic forces corresponding to heave and pitch motions: namely, vehicle length and further-away from mid-vehicle location of the body shoulder. The opposite is true for the oscillatory surge motion. By utilizing these observed characteristics, one can design the lines for maximum radiation forces and consequently minimum hull response for the critical modes of rigid-body motion in given waters and vehicle missions. In the studies carried out in the thesis, a hull with a long parallel middle body with hemispherical nose and conical tail sections has better heave and pitch response characteristics compared prolate spheroid geometry of same volume. The methodology developed herein, which is computationally efficient, can be used to determine optimal hull geometry for minimal passive vehicle response in a given sea.
Identifier: FA00004084 (IID)
Degree granted: Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2014.
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Includes bibliography.
Subject(s): Oceanographic submersibles -- Hydrodynamics
Surface waves (Oceanography) -- Mathematical models
Wave motion, Theory of
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Sublocation: Digital Library
Links: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004084
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fau/fd/FA00004084
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.