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Electrochemical double-layer capacitors utilizing low surface area graphite fibers

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Date Issued:
1997
Summary:
Electrochemical double-layer capacitors were constructed using low surface area carbon fibers that are commercially available. The fibers were made from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and pitch and vary from low (LC = 14A, d002 = 3.54A) to high (LC = 169A, d002 = 3.40A) crystallinity. High energy densities (up to 7.83 Wh/kg) were obtained by electrochemically intercalating HSO4- ions between the graphene planes of the carbon fibers. The intercalation process was strongly influenced by the crystallinity of the carbon fiber and by the precursors from which the fiber was manufactured. All the pitch fibers had a higher structural order and a higher carbon content than the PAN fibers. A total of 10 capacitors were constructed. Nine of these were constructed from fibers that were electrochemically activated and one was constructed from fiber as received. 38 w/o sulfuric acid was used as the electrolyte for each of these capacitors. Performance of the capacitors decreased as the structural order and carbon content of the fibers decreased.
Title: Electrochemical double-layer capacitors utilizing low surface area graphite fibers.
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Name(s): Zawacki, David Isaiah.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Lipka, Stephen M., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1997
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 182 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Electrochemical double-layer capacitors were constructed using low surface area carbon fibers that are commercially available. The fibers were made from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and pitch and vary from low (LC = 14A, d002 = 3.54A) to high (LC = 169A, d002 = 3.40A) crystallinity. High energy densities (up to 7.83 Wh/kg) were obtained by electrochemically intercalating HSO4- ions between the graphene planes of the carbon fibers. The intercalation process was strongly influenced by the crystallinity of the carbon fiber and by the precursors from which the fiber was manufactured. All the pitch fibers had a higher structural order and a higher carbon content than the PAN fibers. A total of 10 capacitors were constructed. Nine of these were constructed from fibers that were electrochemically activated and one was constructed from fiber as received. 38 w/o sulfuric acid was used as the electrolyte for each of these capacitors. Performance of the capacitors decreased as the structural order and carbon content of the fibers decreased.
Identifier: 9780591449822 (isbn), 15427 (digitool), FADT15427 (IID), fau:12193 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1997.
Subject(s): Capacitors
Electric double layer
Graphite fibers
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/15427
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.