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Structural modification of Bascule bridges for noise mitigation

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Date Issued:
1996
Summary:
Noise mitigation and enhancement of skid resistance on Bascule bridge decks, including bridges, pose a considerable challenge. Typically measured noise levels that vary from 60 to 70 dB(A) need to be reduced to eliminate public concern. The objective of this investigation was to find possible modifications to the structure of the open grid decking to reduce the radiated noise from the bridges and at the same time to improve the skid resistance. This study was complementary to the acoustic testing completed in September 1994 at Florida Atlantic University. Deck panels infilled with different types of lightweight infill material for noise mitigation, were tested for fatigue performance and abrasion characteristics. The computer software ANSYS was used to model the grid panel and analyzed for different depths of concrete infill to evaluate the composite action between the infill concrete and the grid panel. A typical case study on counterbalance dynamics of an infilled deck for the Sunrise Boulevard Bridge, included horsepower requirements, trunnion bearing and bending stresses, and flexural strength adequacies of the stringer and floor beams. Skid resistance values for twelve bridges from E-274 and G-analyst measurements were compared for dry and wet conditions, and accident statistics compiled for the period 1988-1992. The cost analysis of identified options was carried out.
Title: Structural modification of Bascule bridges for noise mitigation.
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Name(s): Takkasila, Harinatha Reddy.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Reddy, Dronnadula V., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1996
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 113 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Noise mitigation and enhancement of skid resistance on Bascule bridge decks, including bridges, pose a considerable challenge. Typically measured noise levels that vary from 60 to 70 dB(A) need to be reduced to eliminate public concern. The objective of this investigation was to find possible modifications to the structure of the open grid decking to reduce the radiated noise from the bridges and at the same time to improve the skid resistance. This study was complementary to the acoustic testing completed in September 1994 at Florida Atlantic University. Deck panels infilled with different types of lightweight infill material for noise mitigation, were tested for fatigue performance and abrasion characteristics. The computer software ANSYS was used to model the grid panel and analyzed for different depths of concrete infill to evaluate the composite action between the infill concrete and the grid panel. A typical case study on counterbalance dynamics of an infilled deck for the Sunrise Boulevard Bridge, included horsepower requirements, trunnion bearing and bending stresses, and flexural strength adequacies of the stringer and floor beams. Skid resistance values for twelve bridges from E-274 and G-analyst measurements were compared for dry and wet conditions, and accident statistics compiled for the period 1988-1992. The cost analysis of identified options was carried out.
Identifier: 15284 (digitool), FADT15284 (IID), fau:12055 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1996.
Subject(s): Bridges--Design and construction
Bridges, Iron and steel--Floors--Evaluation
Bridges--Noise
Tires
Traffic noise
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/15284
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.