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Two-dimensional feature tracking algorithm for motion analysis

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Date Issued:
1994
Summary:
In this thesis we describe a local-neighborhood-pixel-based adaptive algorithm to track image features, both spatially and temporally, over a sequence of monocular images. The algorithm assumes no a priori knowledge about the image features to be tracked, or the relative motion between the camera and the 3-D objects. The features to be tracked are selected by the algorithm and they correspond to the peaks of '2-D intensity correlation surface' constructed from a local neighborhood in the first image of the sequence to be analyzed. Any kind of motion, i.e., 6 DOF (translation and rotation), can be tolerated keeping in mind the pixels-per-frame motion limitations. No subpixel computations are necessary. Taking into account constraints of temporal continuity, the algorithm uses simple and efficient predictive tracking over multiple frames. Trajectories of features on multiple objects can also be computed. The algorithm accepts a slow, continuous change of brightness D.C. level in the pixels of the feature. Another important aspect of the algorithm is the use of an adaptive feature matching threshold that accounts for change in relative brightness of neighboring pixels. As applications of the feature-tracking algorithm and to test the accuracy of the tracking, we show how the algorithm has been used to extract the Focus of Expansion (FOE) and compute the Time-to-contact using real image sequences of unstructured, unknown environments. In both these applications, information from multiple frames is used.
Title: Two-dimensional feature tracking algorithm for motion analysis.
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Name(s): Krishnan, Srivatsan.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Raviv, Daniel, Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1994
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 83 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: In this thesis we describe a local-neighborhood-pixel-based adaptive algorithm to track image features, both spatially and temporally, over a sequence of monocular images. The algorithm assumes no a priori knowledge about the image features to be tracked, or the relative motion between the camera and the 3-D objects. The features to be tracked are selected by the algorithm and they correspond to the peaks of '2-D intensity correlation surface' constructed from a local neighborhood in the first image of the sequence to be analyzed. Any kind of motion, i.e., 6 DOF (translation and rotation), can be tolerated keeping in mind the pixels-per-frame motion limitations. No subpixel computations are necessary. Taking into account constraints of temporal continuity, the algorithm uses simple and efficient predictive tracking over multiple frames. Trajectories of features on multiple objects can also be computed. The algorithm accepts a slow, continuous change of brightness D.C. level in the pixels of the feature. Another important aspect of the algorithm is the use of an adaptive feature matching threshold that accounts for change in relative brightness of neighboring pixels. As applications of the feature-tracking algorithm and to test the accuracy of the tracking, we show how the algorithm has been used to extract the Focus of Expansion (FOE) and compute the Time-to-contact using real image sequences of unstructured, unknown environments. In both these applications, information from multiple frames is used.
Identifier: 15030 (digitool), FADT15030 (IID), fau:11808 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1994.
Subject(s): Algorithms
Image transmission
Motion perception (Vision)
Image processing
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/15030
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.