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laboratory measurement of soluble phosphorus diffusion coefficients in kaolinite and bentonite clay sediments

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Date Issued:
1993
Summary:
The specific effects of sediment resuspension on the rate and amount of phosphorus diffusion by commercially available kaolinite and bentonite soils were examined in a laboratory setting by amending the soils with phosphorus fertilizer (46% P2O5), reacting them in a plexiglass container (by removing a partition) and allowing the soils to mix with the overlying water column as they spread along the container bottom. The concentration of total phosphorus was measured at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 hours after reaction occurred. A computer program was written to calculate the diffusion coefficients (D) for the different soil and fertilizer treatments. Correcting the D values for adsorption resulted in effective diffusion coefficients (De) values, averaged across all retardation factors, of 0.010; 0.0017 and 0.0124 cm^2/day for the 13,944; 9,295 and 4,648 mu g/1 phosphorus fertilizer kaolinite treatments and 0.0002; 0.0006 and 0.0013 cm^2/day for the 13,654; 9,103 and 4,552 mu g/1 phosphorus fertilizer bentonite treatments. The diffusion coefficients for the kaolinite soil treatments were consistently greater than those for the bentonite treatments.
Title: The laboratory measurement of soluble phosphorus diffusion coefficients in kaolinite and bentonite clay sediments.
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Name(s): Donovan, William Cullen.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Scarlatos, Panagiotis (Pete) D., Thesis advisor
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1993
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 86 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: The specific effects of sediment resuspension on the rate and amount of phosphorus diffusion by commercially available kaolinite and bentonite soils were examined in a laboratory setting by amending the soils with phosphorus fertilizer (46% P2O5), reacting them in a plexiglass container (by removing a partition) and allowing the soils to mix with the overlying water column as they spread along the container bottom. The concentration of total phosphorus was measured at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 36 hours after reaction occurred. A computer program was written to calculate the diffusion coefficients (D) for the different soil and fertilizer treatments. Correcting the D values for adsorption resulted in effective diffusion coefficients (De) values, averaged across all retardation factors, of 0.010; 0.0017 and 0.0124 cm^2/day for the 13,944; 9,295 and 4,648 mu g/1 phosphorus fertilizer kaolinite treatments and 0.0002; 0.0006 and 0.0013 cm^2/day for the 13,654; 9,103 and 4,552 mu g/1 phosphorus fertilizer bentonite treatments. The diffusion coefficients for the kaolinite soil treatments were consistently greater than those for the bentonite treatments.
Identifier: 14928 (digitool), FADT14928 (IID), fau:11710 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1993.
Subject(s): Kaolinite
Bentonite
Soils--Phosphorus content
Sedimentation analysis
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/14928
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.