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Spontaneous pattern changes for bistable apparent motion stimuli: Perceptual satiation or memory attraction?

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Date Issued:
1991
Summary:
Subjects judge motion direction for an apparent motion stimulus with competing perceptual organizations: Vertical vs. horizontal motion. The two patterns are coupled. When one is perceptually instantiated the other remains active in memory, resulting in sudden changes in perceived motion direction under constant stimulus conditions. The probability of change from an initially horizontal to a vertical pattern remains constant over time, showing that perceptual satiation is insufficient to explain the occurrence of spontaneous perceptual changes. It is proposed that spontaneous changes also occur because the pattern active in memory attracts the percept away from the currently instantiated pattern. The attraction hypothesis specifies that the activation of the memory pattern (and hence its attractive strength) increases as a result of previous experience. It is supported by evidence that the likelihood of changing, say from horizontal to vertical motion, is increased if the motion pattern was previously vertical.
Title: Spontaneous pattern changes for bistable apparent motion stimuli: Perceptual satiation or memory attraction?.
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Name(s): Voss, Audrey A.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree Grantor
Hock, Howard S., Thesis Advisor
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1991
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 46 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Subjects judge motion direction for an apparent motion stimulus with competing perceptual organizations: Vertical vs. horizontal motion. The two patterns are coupled. When one is perceptually instantiated the other remains active in memory, resulting in sudden changes in perceived motion direction under constant stimulus conditions. The probability of change from an initially horizontal to a vertical pattern remains constant over time, showing that perceptual satiation is insufficient to explain the occurrence of spontaneous perceptual changes. It is proposed that spontaneous changes also occur because the pattern active in memory attracts the percept away from the currently instantiated pattern. The attraction hypothesis specifies that the activation of the memory pattern (and hence its attractive strength) increases as a result of previous experience. It is supported by evidence that the likelihood of changing, say from horizontal to vertical motion, is increased if the motion pattern was previously vertical.
Identifier: 14721 (digitool), FADT14721 (IID), fau:11512 (fedora)
Note(s): Thesis (M.A.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1991.
Subject(s): Motion perception (Vision)
Perceptual-motor learning
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/14721
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.