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Cooperative self-organization in the perception of coherent motion

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Date Issued:
1991
Summary:
A row of dots is presented in a series of alternating frames; dots in each frame are located at the midpoints between dots of the preceding frame. Although the perceived frame-to-frame direction of motion could vary randomly, cooperativity is indicated by the emergence of two coherent motion patterns, one unidirectional, the other oscillatory. Small increases in the time between frames are sufficient for the bias, which maintains the previously established motion direction (unidirectional motion), to be reversed, becoming a bias which inhibits that direction (oscillatory motion). Unidirectional motion, which predominates for small dot separations, and oscillatory motion, which predominates for large separations, are associated with short-range and long-range motion (Braddick, 1974) by manipulating the shape of the dots, their luminance, and the luminance of the inter-frame blank field. Pulsing/flicker emerges as a third perceptual state that competes with unidirectional motion for very small dot separations.
Title: Cooperative self-organization in the perception of coherent motion.
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Name(s): Balz, Gunther William
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Hock, Howard S., Thesis advisor
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1991
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 69 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: A row of dots is presented in a series of alternating frames; dots in each frame are located at the midpoints between dots of the preceding frame. Although the perceived frame-to-frame direction of motion could vary randomly, cooperativity is indicated by the emergence of two coherent motion patterns, one unidirectional, the other oscillatory. Small increases in the time between frames are sufficient for the bias, which maintains the previously established motion direction (unidirectional motion), to be reversed, becoming a bias which inhibits that direction (oscillatory motion). Unidirectional motion, which predominates for small dot separations, and oscillatory motion, which predominates for large separations, are associated with short-range and long-range motion (Braddick, 1974) by manipulating the shape of the dots, their luminance, and the luminance of the inter-frame blank field. Pulsing/flicker emerges as a third perceptual state that competes with unidirectional motion for very small dot separations.
Identifier: 14712 (digitool), FADT14712 (IID), fau:11503 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Charles E. Schmidt College of Science
Thesis (M.A.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1991.
Subject(s): Motion perception (Vision)
Perceptual-motor learning
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/14712
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.