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Environmental cracking of reinforcing steel in saturated calcium hydroxide solutions

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Date Issued:
1990
Summary:
Deterioration of reinforcing steel in concrete structures due to rebar corrosion is of national and international concern. Cathodic protection has evolved as the appropriate mitigating technique for existing structures. Another method which is being investigated is the electrochemical removal of chlorides from concrete. The current density used for this process leads to steel potentials at which hydrogen evolves. This raises concern regarding hydrogen embrittlement of reinforcing steel in concrete. For the purpose of analyzing this embrittlement tendency, a series of constant extension rate experiments was conducted in saturated calcium hydroxide solutions using notched and smooth specimens. While notched specimens did not show any effect of hydrogen embrittlement, the smooth specimens have revealed a reduction in ductility at high current densities. Experiments have shown that this loss in ductility is recoverable. Tests were also conducted on mortared smooth specimens which essentially exhibited the same trend observed as in the calcium hydroxide solution. The loss in ductility has been attributed to the enhanced void development in the presence of hydrogen during plastic deformation.
Title: Environmental cracking of reinforcing steel in saturated calcium hydroxide solutions.
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Name(s): Mathew, Ivan.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Hartt, William H., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1990
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 85 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Deterioration of reinforcing steel in concrete structures due to rebar corrosion is of national and international concern. Cathodic protection has evolved as the appropriate mitigating technique for existing structures. Another method which is being investigated is the electrochemical removal of chlorides from concrete. The current density used for this process leads to steel potentials at which hydrogen evolves. This raises concern regarding hydrogen embrittlement of reinforcing steel in concrete. For the purpose of analyzing this embrittlement tendency, a series of constant extension rate experiments was conducted in saturated calcium hydroxide solutions using notched and smooth specimens. While notched specimens did not show any effect of hydrogen embrittlement, the smooth specimens have revealed a reduction in ductility at high current densities. Experiments have shown that this loss in ductility is recoverable. Tests were also conducted on mortared smooth specimens which essentially exhibited the same trend observed as in the calcium hydroxide solution. The loss in ductility has been attributed to the enhanced void development in the presence of hydrogen during plastic deformation.
Identifier: 14639 (digitool), FADT14639 (IID), fau:11433 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (M.S.E.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1990.
Subject(s): Steel--Corrosion
Steel--Brittleness
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/14639
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.