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Morphometrics and multi-landmark depth analysis of the proximal hallucal metatarsal articular surface in hominoid

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Date Issued:
2005
Summary:
Three dimensional morphometrics and analysis of surface depths and breadths are used to compare the proximal articular surface of the first metatarsal among and between Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla, Hylobates, and Pongo. Casts of the fossils AL 333-54, STX 5017 and OH 8 are analyzed in light of the data gathered. Significant differences in morphology exist between these species; the most extreme morphologies exhibited are in Homo and Hylobates. While the OH 8 articular surface is essentially indistinguishable from Homo sapiens, AL 333-54 and STX 5017 show a mosaic of human-like and ape-like traits, which indicates the retention of the ability to abduct and rotate the hallux. The cast of AL 333-54 shows many similarities to Gorilla, while demonstrating many changes in line with Homo . The cast of STX 5017 retains a surface morphology much like Gorilla and Pan, with fewer similarities to Homo compared to AL 333-54.
Title: Morphometrics and multi-landmark depth analysis of the proximal hallucal metatarsal articular surface in hominoid.
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Name(s): Proctor, Daniel J.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Broadfield, Douglas C., Thesis advisor
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 216 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Three dimensional morphometrics and analysis of surface depths and breadths are used to compare the proximal articular surface of the first metatarsal among and between Homo sapiens, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla, Hylobates, and Pongo. Casts of the fossils AL 333-54, STX 5017 and OH 8 are analyzed in light of the data gathered. Significant differences in morphology exist between these species; the most extreme morphologies exhibited are in Homo and Hylobates. While the OH 8 articular surface is essentially indistinguishable from Homo sapiens, AL 333-54 and STX 5017 show a mosaic of human-like and ape-like traits, which indicates the retention of the ability to abduct and rotate the hallux. The cast of AL 333-54 shows many similarities to Gorilla, while demonstrating many changes in line with Homo . The cast of STX 5017 retains a surface morphology much like Gorilla and Pan, with fewer similarities to Homo compared to AL 333-54.
Identifier: 9780496955817 (isbn), 13196 (digitool), FADT13196 (IID), fau:10054 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters
Thesis (M.A.)--Florida Atlantic University, 2005.
Subject(s): Morphology--Statistical methods
Human evolution
Fossil lominids
Foot--Morphology
Foot--Evolution
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/13196
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.