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Acoustic propagation over a range-dependent bathymetry

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Date Issued:
1999
Summary:
Experimental measurements have been conducted to investigate the effects of a three dimensional bathymetry on ocean acoustic propagation and our abilities to use array processing for localizing sources. This work is unique because it uses laboratory scale measurements to isolate the effects of the bottom bathymetry. Previous investigations using laboratory scale measurements have only used simplistic bottom profiles. In addition, experiments which have investigated the effects of the bottom bathymetry at sea have encountered difficulties isolating these effects due to range dependent sound speed profiles and the uncertainties of ocean acoustic experiments. The first part of this dissertation investigates the tracking of an acoustic source in a three dimensional shallow water environment. This work is comprised of two studies. The first study uses matched field processing for identifying the trajectory of a source. The second investigation uses experimental measurements and theoretical predictions to evaluate the beating angle bias caused by the use of plane-wave beamforming in the presence of bathymetric refraction. The second part of this dissertation uses laboratory scale measurements to analyze two and three dimensional propagation over a realistic bottom bathymetry. This series of investigations uses an inverse approach based on normal mode theory. The inversion algorithm is used to extract the normal mode amplitudes for the purpose of analyzing the measurements for two dimensional mode coupling and bathymetric refraction. The results of this investigation show that the bathymetry has a strong influence on the three dimensional acoustic field. Analysis of the experimental measurements identify that mode coupling and bathymetric refraction are important for propagation over the laboratory scale model and these effects adversely influence our abilities to localize sources in three dimensional shallow water environments. It is also shown that by incorporating three dimensional propagation models into the signal replica used by the array processor a significant improvement in performance can be achieved.
Title: Acoustic propagation over a range-dependent bathymetry.
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Name(s): Riley, Joseph M.
Florida Atlantic University, Degree grantor
Glegg, Stewart A. L., Thesis advisor
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Electronic Thesis Or Dissertation
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 1999
Publisher: Florida Atlantic University
Place of Publication: Boca Raton, Fla.
Physical Form: application/pdf
Extent: 226 p.
Language(s): English
Summary: Experimental measurements have been conducted to investigate the effects of a three dimensional bathymetry on ocean acoustic propagation and our abilities to use array processing for localizing sources. This work is unique because it uses laboratory scale measurements to isolate the effects of the bottom bathymetry. Previous investigations using laboratory scale measurements have only used simplistic bottom profiles. In addition, experiments which have investigated the effects of the bottom bathymetry at sea have encountered difficulties isolating these effects due to range dependent sound speed profiles and the uncertainties of ocean acoustic experiments. The first part of this dissertation investigates the tracking of an acoustic source in a three dimensional shallow water environment. This work is comprised of two studies. The first study uses matched field processing for identifying the trajectory of a source. The second investigation uses experimental measurements and theoretical predictions to evaluate the beating angle bias caused by the use of plane-wave beamforming in the presence of bathymetric refraction. The second part of this dissertation uses laboratory scale measurements to analyze two and three dimensional propagation over a realistic bottom bathymetry. This series of investigations uses an inverse approach based on normal mode theory. The inversion algorithm is used to extract the normal mode amplitudes for the purpose of analyzing the measurements for two dimensional mode coupling and bathymetric refraction. The results of this investigation show that the bathymetry has a strong influence on the three dimensional acoustic field. Analysis of the experimental measurements identify that mode coupling and bathymetric refraction are important for propagation over the laboratory scale model and these effects adversely influence our abilities to localize sources in three dimensional shallow water environments. It is also shown that by incorporating three dimensional propagation models into the signal replica used by the array processor a significant improvement in performance can be achieved.
Identifier: 9780599567283 (isbn), 12618 (digitool), FADT12618 (IID), fau:9502 (fedora)
Collection: FAU Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection
Note(s): College of Engineering and Computer Science
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Florida Atlantic University, 1999.
Subject(s): Underwater acoustics--Measurement
Ocean tomography
Held by: Florida Atlantic University Libraries
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fcla/dt/12618
Sublocation: Digital Library
Use and Reproduction: Copyright © is held by the author, with permission granted to Florida Atlantic University to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Owner Institution: FAU
Is Part of Series: Florida Atlantic University Digital Library Collections.